The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Bold, Harold C., and Michael J. Wynne. 1985. Introduction to the Algae: structure and reproduction, 2nd ed. xvi + 720
- Guiry, Michael D. (2013). Fucaceae. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2013). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=143723