Molecular Biology and Genetics

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Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:105
Specimens with Sequences:105
Specimens with Barcodes:105
Species:3
Species With Barcodes:3
Public Records:104
Public Species:3
Public BINs:4
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Morelia (snake)

Morelia is a genus of large snakes in the Pythonidae family. They are found in Indonesia, New Guinea, and throughout Australia. Currently, 8 species are recognized.[3]

In general, these snakes are arboreal to semi-arboreal, spending much of their life in the forest canopy. Although there are exceptions, most attain adult lengths of 2–3 m (5–8 feet).

Geographic range[edit]

Found from Indonesia in the Maluku Islands, east through New Guinea, including the Bismarck Archipelago and in Australia.[1]

Species[edit]

There are seven species recognised at ITIS.[3]

Species[3][4]IUCN Status[5]Taxon author[3]Subsp.*[3]Common nameGeographic range[1]
M. amethistina

High-Yellow Sorong Amethystine Scrub Python (Morelia amethistina).jpg

LC[6](Schneider, 1801)5Amethystine python; Scrub pythonIndonesia (Maluku Islands, Timorlaut Islands, Banda, Kai Islands, Aru Islands, Misool, Selawati, most of Western New Guinea, many islands in Geelvink Bay), Papua New Guinea (including Umboi Island, Bismarck Archipelago, Trobriand Islands, the d'Entrecasteaux Islands to Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago), and Australia (on some islands in the Torres Strait, the northern Cape York Peninsula south including the Atherton Tableland and the eastern foothills of the Great Dividing Range).
M. boeleni

Boelen Python 01.jpg

(Brongersma, 1953)0Boelen’s pythonIndonesia (Western New Guinea in the Wissel Lakes region) and Papua New Guinea (the provinces of Eastern Highlands, Central and Morobe, and Goodenough Island).
M. bredli

Morelia bredli3 - Christopher Watson.jpg

(Gow, 1981)0Bredl’s python; Centralian pythonAustralia, in the mountains of southern Northern Territory
M. carinata(L.A. Smith, 1981)0Rough scaled pythonAustralia, northwestern Western Australia in the lower sections of the Mitchell and Hunter rivers, just inland from the coast.
M. oenpelliensis(Gow, 1977)0Oenpelli pythonAustralia, Northern Territory, in the sandstone outcrops of western Arnhem Land.
M. spilotaT

Morelia spilota variegata.jpg

LC[7]
LR/nt[8]
(Lacépède, 1804)6Carpet python; Diamond pythonIndonesia (southern Western New Guinea in Merauke Regency), Papua New Guinea (southern Western Province, the Port Moresby area of Central Province and on Yule Island) and Australia (excluding much of the center and north west of the country).
M. viridis Morelia-viridis edit1.jpgLC[9](Schlegel, 1872)1Green tree pythonIndonesia (Misool, Salawati, Aru Islands, Schouten Islands, most of Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea (including nearby islands from sea level to 1,800 m elevation, Normanby Island and the d'Entrecasteaux Islands) and Australia (Queensland along the east coast of the Cape York Peninsula).
M. riversleighensis(Scanlon, 2001 )0n/aExtinct, remains found in Queensland, Australia.

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ Scanlon, J.D. (2001). "Montypythonoides revisited: the Miocene snake Morelia riversleighensis (Smith and Plane, 1985) and the question of pythonine origins". In Hand, S.J., and Laurie, J.R. (eds.). Riversleigh Symposium 1998: Proceedings of a Research Symposium on Fossils from Riversleigh and Murgon, Queensland, held at the University of New South Wales, December, 1998. Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 25. pp. 1–35. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Morelia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 10 September 2007. 
  4. ^ http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=209585
  5. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org
  6. ^ Auliya, M. (2010). "Morelia amethistina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Shine R.A. & Allison, A. (2010). "Morelia spilota". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Australasian Reptile & Amphibian Specialist Group (1996). "Morelia spilota ssp. imbricata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  9. ^ Auliya, M., Shine R.A. & Allison, A. (2010). "Morelia viridis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
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