Three subspecies exist, with distributional information as follows (Thomas 1965):
- G. pleii pleii: Martinique
- G. p. luetkeni: St. Lucia
- G. p. nesydrion: southern most of the Maria Islands
The area of the five islands combined is 1,837 kmÂ². This species is found between sea level and 400 m above sea level.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
This species may also be threatened by habitat loss and degradation. The average annual change in forest cover for the period 1981-1990 has been estimated at -0.6% for Dominica, -0.3% for Guadeloupe, -0.4% for Martinique and -3.8% for St. Lucia (Tole 1998). The main causes of this are logging, tourism growth and recreation development.
The following species are currently known:
- Gymnophthalmus cryptus Hoogmoed, Cole & Ayarzaguena, 1992
- Gymnophthalmus leucomystax Vanzolini & Carvalho, 1991
- Gymnophthalmus lineatus Linnaeus, 1758
- Gymnophthalmus pleei Bocourt, 1881
- Gymnophthalmus speciosus Hallowell, 1861
- Gymnophthalmus underwoodi Grant, 1958
- Gymnophthalmus vanzoi Carvalho, 1999
- Reptarium. Gymnophthalmus Merrem, 1820. Reptarium Reptile Database
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