The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Hooper, John N. A., and Rob W. M. van Soest, eds. 2002. Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. xlviii + 1708
- R. M. Finks and R. E. H. Reid. 2004. Porifera (Demospongea, Hexactinellida, Heteractinida, Calcarea). Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part E, Revised E(3):1-872
- R. T. Paine, Food webs: linkage, interaction strength and community infrastructure, J. Anim. Ecol. 49:667-685, from p. 670 (1980).