The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • "Animal Life History Database" (On-line).
  • 1. Animal Diversity Web (August, 2002) http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/sciurus/s._carolinensis$narrative.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/sciurus/s._carolinensis$narrative.html External link.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Burton, J.A. (1991) Field guide to the mammals of Britain and Europe. Kingfisher Books, London.
  • 3. Gurnell, J. (1987) The natural history of squirrels. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Limited, Kent.
  • 4. Genovesi, P. and Bertolino, S. (2001) Human Dimension Aspects in Invasive Alien Species Issues: The Case of the Failure of the Grey Squirrel Eradication project in Italy. In: McNeely, J.A. Ed. The Great Reshuffling Human Dimensions of Invasive Alien Species. IUCN Biodiversity Policy Coordination Division, Gland, Switzerland. Available at http://www.iucn.org/dbtw-wpd/edocs/2001-002.pdfhttp://www.iucn.org/dbtw-wpd/edocs/2001-002.pdf External link.
  • 5. The Invasive Alien Species Project (March, 2008) http://138.253.199.114/IAAP%20Web/IAAPwebsite/FactSheet/Squirrel.dochttp://138.253.199.114/IAAP%20Web/IAAPwebsite/FactSheet/Squirrel.doc External link.
  • 6. Macdonnald, D.W. and Tattersall, F.T. (2001) Britain's mammals- the challenge for conservation. The Wildlife Conservation research Unit, Oxford University, Oxford. Available at http://www.wildcru.orghttp://www.wildcru.org External link.
  • 7. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (August, 2002) http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/ External link.
  • Ahl, A. S. 1987. Relationship of Vibrissal Length and Habits in the Sciuridae. Journal of Mammalogy 68:848-853.
  • Baker, R. H. 1944. An ecological study of Tree Squirrels in eastern Texas. Journal of Mammalogy 25:8-24.
  • Banfield, A.W.F. 1981. The Mammals of Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto. pp. 132-134.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Barkalow, F. S. 1967. A record gray squirrel litter. Journal of Mammalogy 48:141.
  • Barkalow, F. S., Jr Hamilton R. B., and R. F. Soots, Jr. 1970. The vital statistics of an unexploited grey squirrel population. Journal of Wildlife Management 34:489-500.
  • Barkalow, F. S., and R. F. J. Scoots. 1975. Life span and reproductive longevity of the grey squirrel, Sciurus c. carolinensis Gmelin. Journal of Mammalogy 56:522-524.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Flyger, V. F. 1960. A comparison of methods for estimating squirrel populations. Journal of Wildlife Management. 23:220-223.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Horwich, R. H. 1972. The ontogeny of social behaviour in the grey squirrel (Sciurus carolensis). Advances Ethology 8:1-103.
  • J. Alroy. 2002. Synonymies and reidentifications of North American fossil mammals.
  • Jones, Jr., J.K. and E. C. Birney. 1988. Handbook of Mammals of the North-Central States. Univeristy of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. p.166.
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • Kenagy, G. J., and S. C. Trombulak. 1986. Size and Function of Mammalian Testes in Relation to Body Size. Journal of Mammalogy 67:1-22.
  • Kenward, R. E., K. H. Hodder, R. J. Rose, C. A. Walls, T. Parish, J. L. Holm, P. A. Morris, S. S. Walls, and F. I. Doyle. 1998. Comparative demography of red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) and grey squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis). Journal of Zoology 244:7-21.
  • Koprowski, J. L. 1991. Response of Fox Squirrels and Gray Squirrels to a Late-Spring Early-Summer Food Shortage. Journal of Mammalogy 72:367-372.
  • Koprowski, J. L. 1994. Sciurus carolinensis. Mammalian Species 480:1-9.
  • Koprowski, J.L. 2 Dec 94. Mammalian Species No. 480 Sciurus carolinensis. pp.1-9.
  • Longley, W. H. 1963. Minnesota gray and fox squirrels. American Midland Naturalist 69:82-98.
  • Lovegrove, B. G. 2000. The Zoogeography of Mammalian Basal Metabolic Rate. American Naturalist 156:201-219.
  • Mace, G. 1979. The Evolutionary Ecology of Small Mammals. University of Sussex.
  • Meier, P. T. 1983. Relative Brain Size within the North-American Sciuridae. Journal of Mammalogy 64:642-647.
  • Montgomery, S. D., J. B. Whelan, and H. S. Mosby. 1975. Bioenergetics of a woodlot gray squirrel population. Journal of Wildlife Management 39:709-717.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Nupp, T. E., and R. K. Swihart. 2000. Landscape-level correlates of small-mammal assemblages in forest fragments of farmland. Journal of Mammalogy 81:512-526.
  • Original description: Gmelin, J.F., 1788.  Caroli a Linne Systema Naturae, p. 148.  13th edition. George Emanuel Beer, Leipzig, 4120 pp.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Pack, J. C., H. S. Mosby, and P. B. Siegel. 1967. Influence of social hierarchy on gray squirrel behaviour. Journal of Wildlife Management 31:720-728.
  • Pereira, M. E., J. Aines, and J. L. Scheckter. 2002. Tactics of heterothermy in eastern gray squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis). Journal of Mammalogy 83:467-477.
  • Promislow, D. E. L., and P. H. Harvey. 1990. Living Fast and Dying Young - a Comparative-Analysis of Life- History Variation among Mammals. Journal of Zoology 220:417-437.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Riege, D. A. 1991. Habitat Specialization and Social-Factors in Distribution of Red and Gray Squirrels. Journal of Mammalogy 72:152-162.
  • Robinson, D. J., and I. M. Cowen. 1954. An introduced population of the Gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin) in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology 32:261-282.
  • Ruff, S., D. Wilson. 1999. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Washington [D.C.]: Smithsonian Institution Press in association with the American Society of Mammalogists.
  • Sciurus carolinensis
  • Shorten, M. 1954. Squirrels, Collins.
  • Shorten, M., and F. A. Courier. 1955. A population study of the grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) in May 1954. Animal Applied Biology 43:494-510.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stapp, P. 1992. Energetic Influences on the Life-History of Glaucomys volans. Journal of Mammalogy 73:914-920.
  • Tamura, N., F. Hayashi, and K. Miyashita. 1988. Dominance Hierarchy and Mating-Behavior of the Formosan Squirrel, Callosciurus erythraeus taiwanensis. Journal of Mammalogy 69:320-331.
  • Taylor, J. C. 1966. Home range and agonistic behaviour in the grey squirrel. Symposium of the zoological society of London 18:229-235.
  • Thoma, B. L., and W. H. Marshall. 1960. Squirrel weights and populations in a Minnesota woodlot. Journal of Mammalogy 41:272-273.
  • Thorington, Richard W., Jr., John L. Koprowski, Michael A. Steele, and James F. Whatton. 2012. Squirrels of the World. vii + 459
  • Thorington, Richard W., Jr., and Robert S. Hoffman / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Family Sciuridae. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2. 754-818
  • Viljoen, S. 1986. Use of Space in Southern African Tree Squirrels. Mammalia 50:293-309.
  • Viljoen, S., and S. H. C. Dutoit. 1985. Postnatal-Development and Growth of Southern African Tree Squirrels in the Genera Funisciurus and Paraxerus. Journal of Mammalogy 66:119-127.
  • Waterman, J. M. 1996. Reproductive biology of a tropical, non-hibernating ground squirrel. Journal of Mammalogy 77:134-146.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204

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