Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Ecology

Associations

Foodplant / gall
Aceria geranii causes gall of leaves (terminal) of Geranium sanguineum

Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Cryptocephalus aureolus feeds on pollen of Geranium sanguineum
Remarks: season: (4-)5-6(-9)

Plant / resting place / on
adult of Cryptocephalus violaceus may be found on Geranium sanguineum

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / open feeder
larva of Limobius borealis grazes on leaf of Geranium sanguineum
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
scattered, erumpent apothecium of Pirottaea paupercula is saprobic on stem of Geranium sanguineum

Foodplant / parasite
Podosphaera fugax parasitises live Geranium sanguineum

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Protoemphytus carpini feeds on leaf of Geranium sanguineum
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / spot causer
hypophyllous colony of Ramularia anamorph of Ramularia geranii causes spots on live leaf of Geranium sanguineum

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Zacladus geranii feeds on Geranium sanguineum

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Geranium sanguineum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Geranium sanguineum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Geranium sanguineum

Geranium sanguineum, common names bloody cranesbill or bloody geranium, is a species of hardy flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the genus Geranium, Geraniaceae family.[1] It is also the county flower of Northumberland.

Etymology[edit]

The genus name is derived from the Greek γέρανος ("géranos"), meaning crane, with reference to the appearance of the fruit capsule. The specific Latin name sanguineum refers to the red color assumed by the leaves in Autumn.

Description[edit]

Close-up on a flower of Geranium sanguineum

The biological form of Geranium sanguineum is hemicryptophyte scapose, as its overwintering buds are situated just below the soil surface and the floral axis is more or less erect with a few leaves. It has a thick rhizome. The stems are prostrate to ascending, well developed, very branched and hairy. This plant reaches on average 30–50 centimetres (12–20 in) in height.[2] The petiolate leaves have five lobes (or segments), each segment is tripartite in large teeth. The flowers have a diameter of 2.5 to 4 cm. and are purple[3] The flowering period extends from May through October. The flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by insects (entomophily). The most common flower visitors are Syrphidae and Hymenoptera, but also butterflies and Coleoptera. The fruit is a capsule consisting of five achenes, with a pubescent surface.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Geranium sanguineum is native to Europe and temperate Asia. It is widespread in most of Europe up to Caucasus. In the north-east of Ireland it a rare garden escape.[4]

Habitat[edit]

The typical habitat of this species are the woods, especially deciduous forests, forest edges, the dry bushy hillsides, arid grasslands and xerophilous scrubs (including rocky slopes). It prefers siliceous and calcareous soil with neutral pH, with low nutritional value, at an altitude of 0–1,200 metres (0–3,937 ft) above sea level.[2]

Cultivation[edit]

It is cultivated as a garden subject, and a number of different cultivars exist. The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geranium sanguineum". GRIN Taxonomy for plants. USDA ARS. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia – Edagricole – 1982. Vol. II, pag. 6
  3. ^ Phillips, Ellen; Colston Burrell, C. (1993), Rodale's illustrated encyclopedia of perennials, Emmaus, Pa.: Rodale Press, pp. 373–76, ISBN 0-87596-570-9 
  4. ^ Hackney, P.1992."Flora of the North-east of Ireland." Institute of Irish Studies and The Queen's University of Belfast. ISBN 0-85389-446-9 (HB)
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Geranium sanguineum 'Album'". Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Geranium sanguineum 'Ankum's Pride'". Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Geranium sanguineum 'Shepherd's warning'". Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Geranium sanguineum var. striatum". Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
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