The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Hooper, John N. A., and Rob W. M. van Soest, eds. 2002. Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. xlviii + 1708
  • Lévi, C. 1956c. Spongiaires des côtes de Madagascar. Mémoires de l’Institut scientifique de Madagascar (A) 10: 1-23, figs 1-14.
  • Nardo, G.D. 1833. Auszug aus einem neuen System der Spongiarien,wonach bereits die Aufstellung in der Universitäts-Sammlung zu Padua gemacht ist. Pp. 519-523. In: Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung Coll.(Oken: Jena).


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