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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 5316). Enters sheltered muddy estuaries where laying out in the open on the bottom (Ref. 48635). Most specimens from dredge and trawl collections (Ref. 5316). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and western Indian Ocean eastward to Japan and eastern Australia.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Size

Max. size

40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Found on the continental shelf.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Distinguished by the lack of appendages on the trunk in the juveniles, head at no angle to the body, and color patterns (Ref. 48635).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 16 - 91 m (Ref. 5316)
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Depth range based on 11 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 10 - 72.6361
  Temperature range (°C): 23.609 - 25.594
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.584 - 1.886
  Salinity (PPS): 35.012 - 35.444
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.190 - 4.622
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 0.237
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.110 - 3.810

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 10 - 72.6361

Temperature range (°C): 23.609 - 25.594

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.584 - 1.886

Salinity (PPS): 35.012 - 35.444

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.190 - 4.622

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 0.237

Silicate (umol/l): 1.110 - 3.810
 
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Depth: 16 - 91m.
From 16 to 91 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Found on the continental shelf.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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