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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 5316). Enters sheltered muddy estuaries where laying out in the open on the bottom (Ref. 48635). Most specimens from dredge and trawl collections (Ref. 5316). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Solitary on mud bottoms (Ref 90102).
  • Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley 1989 Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and western Indian Ocean eastward to Japan and eastern Australia.
  • Dawson, C.E. 1985 Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal soft rays (total): 26 - 30; Analsoft rays: 4
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. (Ref. 48635)
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Size

Max. size

40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635))
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. (Ref. 48635)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Found on the continental shelf.
  • Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2014). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Distinguished by the lack of appendages on the trunk in the juveniles, head at no angle to the body, and color patterns (Ref. 48635).Description: Characterized by greyish brown color with whitish striations on head; body with white specks; 9 caudal rays; rings 21-23 + 41-48; discontinuous superior trunk and tail ridges; inferior trunk ridge ends at anal ring; confluent lateral trunk ridge with inferior tail ridge; length of snout 2.2-2.8 in head length; depth of snout 2.9-4.7 in snout length; head length 11.6-16.0 in SL (Ref 90102).
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. (Ref. 48635)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 16 - 91 m (Ref. 5316)
  • Dawson, C.E. 1985 Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316)
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Depth range based on 11 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 10 - 72.6361
  Temperature range (°C): 23.609 - 25.594
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.584 - 1.886
  Salinity (PPS): 35.012 - 35.444
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.190 - 4.622
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 0.237
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.110 - 3.810

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 10 - 72.6361

Temperature range (°C): 23.609 - 25.594

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.584 - 1.886

Salinity (PPS): 35.012 - 35.444

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.190 - 4.622

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 0.237

Silicate (umol/l): 1.110 - 3.810
 
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Depth: 16 - 91m.
From 16 to 91 meters.

Habitat: demersal. Found on the continental shelf.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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