Overview

Distribution

Virginian, southside of Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Physical Description

Type Information

Neotype for Hippolyte wurdemanni Gibbes, 1850
Catalog Number: USNM 1082798
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: hermaphrodite;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): A. Rhyne
Year Collected: 2003
Locality: Florida Keys, Key West, Key West Lakes, Florida, United States, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic Ocean
Microhabitat: on ledge
Depth (m): 1 to 1
  • Neotype: Gibbes, L. R. 1850. On the carcinological collections of the cabinets of natural history in the United States: with an enumeration of the species contained therein and descriptions of new species. Pro. Am. Ass. Adv. Sci. 3: 165-201.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 32 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 12 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.5 - 37
  Temperature range (°C): 23.535 - 24.665
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 1.078
  Salinity (PPS): 35.580 - 36.231
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.657 - 4.855
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 0.142
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 1.334

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.5 - 37

Temperature range (°C): 23.535 - 24.665

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 1.078

Salinity (PPS): 35.580 - 36.231

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.657 - 4.855

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 0.142

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 1.334
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lysmata wurdemanni

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 35 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

GCCGAATTAGGCCAGCCTGGCAGTTTAATTGGAAAC---GACCAAATTTATAACGTCATCGTTACAGCCCATGCTTTTGTTATAATCTTTTTTATGGTTATACCAATTATAATCGGTGGGTTTGGGAATTGACTAGTCCCCCTAATA---TTAGGAGCTCCTGATATAGCCTTTCCACGGATAAACAACATAAGATTTTGGCTTCTACCTCCCTCTTTATGCCTCCTATTGTCGAGAGGTATAGTAGAAAGTGGAGTAGGTACTGGGTGAACTGTATACCCCCCTTTATCGGCAGGGATTGCTCATGCCGGAGCCTCAGTCGATATAGGC---ATCTTTTCACTTCACCTTGCTGGGGTTTCCTCCATCTTAGGAGCCGTAAATTTTTTGACAACAGTCATTAACATACGAACAACTGGGATATCTATGGACCGTATACCTCTTTTCGTCTGGTCAGTGTTTTTAACAGCAATTCTTCTCCTCCTATCCCTTCCTGTCCTAGCCGGT---GCTATTACAATACTTCTTACCGACCGTAATCTAAATACCTCC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lysmata wurdemanni

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 39
Specimens with Barcodes: 40
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Lysmata wurdemanni

Lysmata wurdemanni, commonly known as the peppermint shrimp, is a species of shrimp.

Description[edit]

It reaches 7 centimetres (2.8 in) in length,[2] and is named for the bright red stripes on its otherwise translucent body, which are reminiscent of peppermint candies such as a candy cane.[2] Its eggs, by contrast, are bright green.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Lysmata wurdemanni was originally described from specimens collected at Key West, Florida and Charleston, South Carolina.[3] Its range extends along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States from Long Island to Florida, and along the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to Port Aransas, Texas.[3] It may also occur in the northern Caribbean Sea, but this has not been confirmed.[3]

Reproduction[edit]

Lysmata wurdemanni is a protandric simultaneous hermaphrodite. This means that it begins as a male but may later become a hermaphrodite. It has four moults as a male before changing sexes to become a euhermaphrodite. However, under certain conditions some males never change to hermaphrodites. In the euhermaphrodite stage the shrimp act as a male between moults and as a female immediately following a moult. During this hermaphroditic stage the shrimp gradually lose their male organs, likely because more energy is being allocated to the development of female reproductive organs.

Lysmata wurdemanni employs a 'pure searching' tactic for mate-finding in which the males are constantly searching for receptive females. Males use olfactory organs (aesthetascs) on their antennnules to detect soluble female sex pheromones (distance pheromones). These pheromones are released 2–8 hours prior to female moulting. Guided by these chemical signals, males make their way to the female and will approach her. The male will then 'taste' the female's contact pheromones with his aesthetascs to make sure she is a suitable mate. If the chemicals are right, courtship may commence and, if courtship goes well, copulation will ensue. This process is very brief and occurs immediately post-moult, while the female's cuticle is new and soft.

Aquaria[edit]

Lysmata wurdemanni is a reef safe cleaning animal which consumes parasites and dead or diseased tissue from other animals,[2] and is therefore used in marine aquariums. Additionally, these shrimp are known to consume the "Aiptasia" or "glass" anemone which is regarded as a pest and is dfficult to eradicate from home salt-water aquariums. The hatching of eggs, moulting, and copulation cycle is identical to that of L. debelius, yielding weekly batches of zoeae from each pair.[4]

Taxonomy[edit]

The species L. wurdemanni has undergone reclassification and has been divided into four distinct species – L. wurdemanni, L. ankeri, L. bahia and L. boggessii.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lysmata wurdemanni (Gibbes, 1850)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved April 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Edward E. Ruppert & Richard S. Fox (1988). Seashore Animals of the Southeast. University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 0-87249-535-3. 
  3. ^ a b c d Andrew L. Rhyne & Junda Lin (2006). "A western Atlantic peppermint shrimp complex: redescription of Lysmata wurdemanni, description of four new species, and remarks on Lysmata rathbunae" (PDF). Bulletin of Marine Science 79 (1): 165–204. BIOSTOR 43895. 
  4. ^ Porter Betts (2004). "Captive Observations of Fire Shrimp Larvae". Advanced Aquarist's Online Magazine. 
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