The type locality for this species is Ubatuba in São Paulo State, Brazil (Holthuis 1991).
- Holthuis, L.B. 1991. FAO species catalogue. Vol 13. Marine lobsters of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries known to date. FAO fisheries Synopsis. 125 (13):292 p. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=42354
Catalog Number: USNM 105810
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Year Collected: 1959
Locality: Santos, Farol Da Moela, Sao Paulo, Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean
Vessel: Emilia R/V
- Paratype: 1963. Proc. Sect. Sci. K. ned. Akad. Wet. 66(1): 57, ser c.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
There is unlikely to be a trap fishery for this species as they do not often go into traps. In a study in Florida in 2000, twenty thousand traps were set for a season - 150 individuals were caught.
To ensure that this species does not become over-harvested, a management strategy needs to be implemented. Since this species is mainly a by-catch component of demersal trawling, limiting effort or setting mesh size limits may not be a suitable strategy. Minimum legal size limits (MLS) would be preferable as undersized lobsters can then be returned alive to the water. Oliveira et al. (2008) report that the functional maturity of this species occurs at a carapace length (CL) of 8.5 cm, and mean fecundity was related to a mean CL of 9.5 cm. They suggest a size of 9 cm CL as the female MLS. In their study they also ascertained that the breeding period of this species is seasonal, and therefore recommend that the capture of this species should be prohibited from November to January, when they found that the percentage of ovigerous females was greater than 50% (Oliveira et al. 2008).
Further research is recommended to give an indicator of the species' current abundance, and monitoring should be ongoing to ensure that harvesting is not having a deleterious affect on this species' survival.
A decline in global captures of Scyllaridae has been documented, although information on specific species is lacking (Spanier and Lavalli 2007). Further research is necessary to determine the impact that global harvesting is having on specific species, and to clarify if the documented decline is due to reduced populations or simply reduced effort.
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