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Overview

Brief Summary

The flying crab has striking flattened legs making it a good swimmer. Its build is light and it moves readily through the water, practically flying. It also uses these paddles to burrow itself into the sandy bottom. Flying crabs catch food while swimming. They pinch rapidly and painfully. This crab doesn't always actively hunt its prey. A lazy crab just waits till its prey swims past. Flying crabs are often infected with a nasty parasite, the Sacculina carcini.
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Comprehensive Description

Description

 Very similar to Liocarcinus depurator but lacking any ridges. The body is brownish-grey, tinged with green and grows up to 4 cm long. It is longer than it is wide, more or less smooth, without bristles. It has three blunt teeth between the eyes, the middle one sometimes shortest. It is host to the parasitic barnacle Sacculina carcini in some areas.
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Distribution

L. holsatus is one of the most common crabs in the fauna of Belgium and the Netherlands. They can wash ashore with thousand species at a time.
  • Adema, J.P.H.M. (1991). De krabben van Nederland en Belgie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) [The crabs of the Netherlands and Belgium (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)]. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum: Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-73239-02-8. 244 pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Not in Mediterranean.
  • Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp.
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 1246 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 410 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 278
  Temperature range (°C): 6.433 - 11.905
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.402 - 16.868
  Salinity (PPS): 31.635 - 35.388
  Oxygen (ml/l): 5.262 - 6.746
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.239 - 0.890
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.987 - 11.419

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 278

Temperature range (°C): 6.433 - 11.905

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.402 - 16.868

Salinity (PPS): 31.635 - 35.388

Oxygen (ml/l): 5.262 - 6.746

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.239 - 0.890

Silicate (umol/l): 0.987 - 11.419
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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 Found in rock pools, in the shallow sublittoral and offshore, on sand, gravel, mixed and hard substrata.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Liocarcinus holsatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Liocarcinus holsatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 13
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Wikipedia

Liocarcinus holsatus

Liocarcinus holsatus is a species of swimming crab found chiefly in the North Sea, Irish Sea and English Channel.[2] It has a carapace up to 4 centimetres (1.6 in) wide, which is brownish-grey with a green tinge.[3] It is very similar in appearance to the harbour crab Liocarcinus depurator.[3]

The diet of P. holsatus comprises crustaceans, especially juveline Crangon, molluscs such as Spisula elliptica, and fish.[4] P. holsatus sometimes hosts the parasitic barnacle Sacculina.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Türkay & Charles Fransen (2010). "Liocarcinus holsatus (Fabricius, 1798)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  2. ^ "EurOBIS distribution records: Liocarcinus holsatus". MarBEF Data System. Retrieved December 4, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c "Flying crab - Liocarcinus holsatus". MarLIN - The Marine Life Information Network. Retrieved December 4, 2009. 
  4. ^ Satish C. Choy (1986). "Natural diet and feeding habits of the crabs Liocarcinus puber and L. holsatus (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae)". Marine Ecology Progress Series 31: 87–99. doi:10.3354/meps031087. 
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