The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Hodges, R. W., et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico: Including Greenland. 284
  • Scoble, Malcolm J., ed. 1999. Geometrid moths of the world: a catalogue (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). 1016
  • Verz. Bekannt. Schmett., (21) 323.


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