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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits weedy areas, often in estuaries; seagrass beds (Ref. 41878) and mangrove areas in 1-1.5 m. Specimens caught by trawling over silty bottoms in 17 m. (Ref. 9137).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (including the south coast of South Africa, Ref. 4919) to Indonesia, north to southern Japan.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 11; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 9 - 17
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Size

Maximum size: 300 mm TL
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Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4919))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits weedy areas, often in estuaries; seagrass beds and mangrove areas in 1-1.5 m. Specimens caught by trawling over silty bottoms in 17 m.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559). Dark bars on side of head and below pectoral fins; juvenile specimens from the Pacific with longitudinal dark stripes on belly (Ref. 4919).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 1 - 17 m (Ref. 11441)
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Depth range based on 10 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.2 - 84.1248
  Temperature range (°C): 24.707 - 28.954
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.099 - 9.276
  Salinity (PPS): 34.131 - 38.549
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.488 - 4.525
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.113 - 0.728
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.579 - 8.745

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.2 - 84.1248

Temperature range (°C): 24.707 - 28.954

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.099 - 9.276

Salinity (PPS): 34.131 - 38.549

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.488 - 4.525

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.113 - 0.728

Silicate (umol/l): 1.579 - 8.745
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits weedy areas, often in estuaries; seagrass beds (Ref. 41878) and mangrove areas in 1-1.5 m. Specimens caught by trawling over silty bottoms in 17 m. (Ref. 9137).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Arothron immaculatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Arothron immaculatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 4 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CTCTACCTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTGGGAACGGCCCTT---AGCCTTCTCATTCGGGCTGAACTCAGCCAACCAGGCGCACTCCTGGGCGAT---GATCAGATTTATAATGTAATCGTCACAGCCCACGCATTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATCATGATCGGTGGCTTCGGGAACTGACTAGTGCCACTTATG---ATCGGAGCCCCTGACATGGCGTTCCCTCGAATAAATAACATAAGCTTCTGACTGCTCCCCCCTTCTTTCCTCCTTCTCCTAGCATCCTCTGGGGTAGAAGCGGGAGCTGGCACGGGCTGAACCGTCTATCCTCCACTAGCGGGCAATTTGGCCCACGCAGGAGCATCCGTCGACCTT---ACCATTTTTTCCCTCCACCTAGCGGGTGTCTCATCAATCCTCGGCGCCATTAACTTCATCACCACAATCATTAACATAAAACCCCCAGCCATCTCTCAATACCAGACACCCCTATTCGTATGGGCCGTCTTAATCACTGCCGTCCTCCTCTTGCTATCCCTGCCAGTCCTCGCGGCG---GGAATCACGATGCTCCTCACAGACCGGAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTTGACCCCGCAGGCGGAGGGGACCCAATCCTCTATCAACACTTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums; price category: very high; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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Wikipedia

Arothron immaculatus

The Immaculate puffer (Arothron immaculatus) is a pufferfish from the Indo-West Pacific. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. It reaches 30 cm in length.

References

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