The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • "A Key to Cladocerans" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • "Crustacea - Class Branchiopoda" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • "Reproduction - Daphnia Style, Daphnia as Predators; What do Daphnia eat, Anatomy of the Daphnia, Habitat of Daphnia, The Daphnia as Prey" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • . 1896. First Annual report of the Commissioners of Fisheries, Game and Forests of the State of New York. New York City, NY : Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., Printers; Page 111
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2004. pre-press, American Fisheries Society Special Publication 31
  • Boxshall, G. (2014). Daphnia pulex Leydig, 1860. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Calman, W. T. 1911. Life of Crustacea. New York : the MacMillan Company; Fig. 12
  • Colin Nicol, J. 1960. The Biology of Marine Animals. New York: Interscience Publishers, Inc..
  • D.G.G., G. "Climate Change and Phytoplankton" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • Daphnia pulex agg.
  • Fox, R. 1994. "Invertebrate Anatomy" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • Fryer, G. "Cladocera - The Water Fleas" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • Garvey, K. November 1, 1996. "Daphnia (water flea)" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • Green, G. September 29, 1997. "Water Fleas" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • H. M. Wilbur, Competition, predation, and the structure of the Ambystoma-Rana sylvatica community, Ecology 53:3-21, from p. 14 (1972).
  • Hassel, M. 1978. The Dynamics of Arthropod Predator-Prey Systems. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  • Jonsson et al. 2005. Food webs, body size, and species abundance in ecological community description. Advances in Ecological Research 36:1-78.
  • McCafferty, W. 1981. Aquatic Entomology. Boston: Science Books International, Inc..
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Parmentier, J., W. Egmond. 1999. "Water Fleas" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • Sterry, S. "Population Structure and Daphnia" (On-line). Accessed April 12, 2000 at
  • Waterman, T. 1960. The Physiology of Crustacea - Metabolism and Growth. New York, San Francisco, London: Academic Press.
  • Waterman, T. 1961. The Physiology of Crustacea - Sense Organs, Integration, and Behavior. New York and London: Academic Press.


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