Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in coastal waters, estuaries, and tidal fissures; can tolerate freshwater. It can jet a stream of water into the mud to expose crustaceans, worms and small bivalves which it feeds on (Ref. 11441); including fish (Ref. 5213). Tasty food fish (Ref. 2799).
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Distribution

Western Indian Ocean: northwest coast of India to southern Oman, south to South Africa, Seychelles, and Madagascar.
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Western Indian Ocean: East and South Africa, Madagascar and Seychelles east to Arabian Sea coast of India.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 15; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 9 - 10
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Size

Maximum size: 800 mm TL
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Max. size

80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2799))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Found in coastal waters, estuaries, and tidal fissures. May be captured bottom longlines. Feeds on crusctaceans and fish. (Ref. 5213).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Juveniles without spots on body (Ref. 2799).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); brackish; marine
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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.5 - 49

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.5 - 49
 
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Trophic Strategy

Found in coastal waters, estuaries, and tidal fissures; can tolerate freshwater. It can jet a stream of water into the mud to expose crustaceans, worms and small bivalves which it feeds on (Ref. 11441); including fish (Ref. 5213).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Pomadasys commersonnii

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pomadasys commersonnii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
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Wikipedia

Pomadasys commersonnii

Pomadasys commersonnii, the smallspotted grunter, is a species of grunt native to the shores of the western Indian Ocean from India to South Africa, being found in brackish and marine waters and occasionally into fresh waters. This species can produce a jet of water to clear away mud to reveal benthic invertebrates upon which it feeds. It can reach 80 cm (31 in) in TL. It is also important commercially and is a popular game fish.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Pomadasys commersonnii" in FishBase. August 2013 version.
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