Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits bays and shallow coastal waters.
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: North Carolina to northern Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA, from Florida to Texas.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Western Atlantic.
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Western Atlantic: North Carolina to northern Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA, from Florida to Texas.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 170 mm TL
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Max. size

17.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
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Type Information

Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 120081
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Baughman
Year Collected: 1941
Locality: Galveston, Texas, Texas, United States, Gulf of Mexico, North America, Atlantic
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 120082
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Baughman
Year Collected: 1941
Locality: Off Aransas Pass, Texas., Texas, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 86139
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1917
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, off Aransas Pass., Texas, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 9 to 18
Vessel: Grampus
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 86140
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1917
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, Louisiana.: Off Calcasica Pass, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Vessel: Grampus
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 86153
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): United States Bureau of Fisheries (USBF)
Year Collected: 1917
Locality: St. Josephs Bay, Florida, Florida, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Vessel: Grampus
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154952
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, SW of Raccoon Point, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 15
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154947
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, south of Marsh Island, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 18
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154950
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, SW of Raccoon Point, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 16
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154953
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, SE of Grand Isle, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 7
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154949
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, SSW of Raccoon Point, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 15
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154945
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, SW of Point Au Fer Island, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 18
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 155226
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, SW of Raccoon Point, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 15.5
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Holotype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 155227
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, NW of Southwest Pass entrance, off Mississippi Delta, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 17.4
Vessel: Pelican
  • Holotype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154946
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1940
Locality: Florida, United States, Atlantic
Depth (m): 18 to 18
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154951
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, south of Quatre Bayou Pass, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 13
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154948
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, SW of Point Au Fer Island, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 16
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 154954
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1938
Locality: Gulf of Mexico, south of Raccoon Point, Louisiana, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 22
Vessel: Pelican
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 157401
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1917
Locality: Off Galveston, Texas., Texas, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Vessel: Grampus
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 157402
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1917
Locality: Ala. Off Mobile Entrance, Alabama, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Vessel: Grampus
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 157399
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): I. Ginsburg
Year Collected: 1930
Locality: Louisiana: Off Grande Terre, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 157400
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): I. Ginsburg
Year Collected: 1930
Locality: Louisiana: Off Grande Terre, Louisiana, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
  • Paratype:
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Paratype for Symphurus civitatium
Catalog Number: USNM 157403
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1884
Locality: N.C. Off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States, Atlantic
Depth (m): 26 to 26
Vessel: Albatross
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

benthic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Depth: 1 - 73m.
From 1 to 73 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 1 - 73 m (Ref. 10879), usually 11 - 45 m (Ref. 10879)
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Depth range based on 27 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 17 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 281
  Temperature range (°C): 15.697 - 26.008
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.202 - 15.916
  Salinity (PPS): 35.766 - 36.529
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.942 - 4.877
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.118 - 0.972
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 9.031

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 281

Temperature range (°C): 15.697 - 26.008

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.202 - 15.916

Salinity (PPS): 35.766 - 36.529

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.942 - 4.877

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.118 - 0.972

Silicate (umol/l): 0.942 - 9.031
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Symphurus civitatium

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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