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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Dives into sand to sleep safely at night or to hide when alarmed (Ref. 90102).
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is found from India and northern Australia (Northwest Shelf, WA (19°14'S) and Cape York, QLD (12°00'S) to Montague Island, NSW (36°15'S) (AFD 2009), and southern Japan and the China seas.
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Indo-West Pacific: India and northwestern Australia to southern Japan and the China seas.
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Physical Description

Size

Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272))
  • Burgess, W.E., H.R. Axelrod and R.E. Hunziker III 1990 Dr. Burgess's Atlas der Meerwasser Aquarium Fische. Bede Verlag, Kollnburg, Germany.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found on the continental shelf (Hoese et al. 2006) in sandy bottom habitat.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine
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Depth range based on 20 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 13 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 22.5 - 88.5
  Temperature range (°C): 23.446 - 26.055
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.164 - 3.963
  Salinity (PPS): 34.815 - 35.071
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.774 - 4.701
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.194 - 0.491
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.672 - 7.946

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 22.5 - 88.5

Temperature range (°C): 23.446 - 26.055

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.164 - 3.963

Salinity (PPS): 34.815 - 35.071

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.774 - 4.701

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.194 - 0.491

Silicate (umol/l): 3.672 - 7.946
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Pelagic spawner.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Iniistius dea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 13
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Russell, B.

Reviewer/s
Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread and there are no known major threats. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats to this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
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