The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Holotype: de Laubenfels, M. W. 1930. The Sponges of California. Stanford University Bulletin. ser. 5, 5 (98): 24-29.
  • Laubenfels, M.W. De 1930. The Sponges of California. (Abstracts of dissertations for the degree of doctor of philosophy) Stanford University Bulletin (5) 5(98): 24-29. External link.
  • Lee, W.L.; Elvin, D.W.; Reiswig, H.M. 2007. The sponges of California. A guide and Key to the marine sponges of California. Monterey Bay Sanctuary Foundation, Monterey,CA, USA: i-x, 1-265.
  • Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; C (2013). WoRMS Porifera: World Porifera database (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.


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