Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 38 - 51

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 38 - 51
 
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Depth range based on 24 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 8 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 16.7 - 87.5
  Temperature range (°C): 24.703 - 28.031
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.129 - 0.816
  Salinity (PPS): 34.112 - 35.354
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 4.711
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.054 - 0.121
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.869 - 1.375

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 16.7 - 87.5

Temperature range (°C): 24.703 - 28.031

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.129 - 0.816

Salinity (PPS): 34.112 - 35.354

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 4.711

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.054 - 0.121

Silicate (umol/l): 0.869 - 1.375
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Wikipedia

Xestospongia testudinaria

Xestospongia testudinaria is a species of barrel sponge in the family Petrosiidae.

Distribution[edit]

This species is found in the Philippines,[2] Australia,[1] western and central Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Malaya and New Caledonia.

Description[edit]

Vaaspons.jpg

This species is maroon to pink, with the opening of the barrel pale white.

Specimens are often found emerging from an apparent common base. In the intertidal zones, this species ranges from 10 to 20 cm in diameter, and are about 10 to 20 cm tall.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Xestospongia testudinaria var. fistulophora Wilson, 1925

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b van Soest, R. (2014). "Xestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815)". In R. W. M. Van Soest, N. Boury-Esnault, J. N. A. Hooper, K. Rützler, N. J. de Voogd, B. Alvarez de Glasby, E. Hajdu, A. B. Pisera, R. Manconi, C. Schoenberg, D. Janussen, K. R. Tabachnick, M. Klautau, B. Picton, M. Kelly & J. Vacelet. World Porifera database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  2. ^ "Categories / Sponges / Petrosiidae / Xestospongia testudinaria". Poppe Images. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  3. ^ "Barrel sponges (Xestospongia testudinaria) on the Shores of Singapore". Wildsingapore.com. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Lamarck, J.B.P.; De Monet, Comte De (1815) [1814]. "Suite des polypiers empâtés". Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle (Paris) 1: 69–80, 162–168, 331–340. 
  • Hooper, J.N.A.; Wiedenmayer, F. (1994). "Porifera". In Wells, A. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 12. pp. 1–620. 
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