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Phyllomedusa camba is an Amazonian hylid frog, one of about 30 in its genus. It is considered one of the five species within the P. tarsius group (with P. boliviana, P. neildi P. sauvagii and P. tarsius; Faivovich et al. 2005). Broadly distributed throughout the southwestern Amazon basin, it occurs in swamps in primary, lowland tropical forests of eastern Peru, western Brazil and south to eastern Bolivia (between 280-1000 m asl in Bolivia). It is common and adaptable and can be found in water-filled tree pools and in disturbed areas, such as in temporary pools along roadsides (Santos et al. 2012; De la Riva et al. 2004; Wong 2013).
A nocturnal, medium sized frog, it reaches up to 69mm snout-vent length. It is leaf-green on its dorsal surfaces, including its head, a creamy gray color on most ventral surfaces, and distinguished by pink spots on the legs and the border of the upper eyelid, which is cream. Its dark brown eye is very similar to the closely related P. boliviana, with which it is frequently confused (Wong 2013).
Phyllomedusa camba individuals congregate in large numbers during breeding season November-March. Males call individually, with call structure reported by De la Riva (1999). Females lay eggs in foam nests on trees and branches above the watersource. When tadpoles hatch, they fall down and develop in the water below (Wong 2013).