Ditylenchus dipsaci infects and damages live, soft bulb of Scilla
In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / saprobe
colony of Embellisia dematiaceous anamorph of Embellisia hyacinthi is saprobic on bulb scale of Scilla
Foodplant / internal feeder
larva of Merodon equestris feeds within bulb of Scilla
Foodplant / pathogen
anamorph of Sclerotinia bulborum infects and damages live bulb of Scilla
Other: major host/prey
Foodplant / spot causer
semi-immersed, brownish becoming darker pycnidium of Septoria coelomycetous anamorph of Septoria scillae causes spots on live leaf of Scilla
Remarks: season: 5
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:47
Specimens with Barcodes:42
Species With Barcodes:9
- For the town, see Scilla, Italy. For the given name, see Priscilla. For the mythological monster, see Scylla.
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Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2008)
Scilla (pronounced /ˈsɪlə/; Squill), is a genus of about 50 bulb-forming perennial herbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, native to woodlands, subalpine meadows, and seashores throughout Europe and Asia. Their flowers are usually blue, but white, pink, and purple types are known; most flower in early spring, but a few are autumn-flowering.
Scilla has most recently been classified as belonging to the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae; the subfamily was formerly treated as a separate family, Hyacinthaceae. Prior to that it was placed in the Hyacintheae tribe of the Liliaceae family. Various proposals have split the nearly 50 species of Scilla, particularly the Eurasian species, into a number of smaller genera such as Orthocallis (Speta), eg Orthocallis siberica.
Several African species previously classified in Scilla have been removed to the genus Ledebouria. The best known of these is the common houseplant still sometimes known as Scilla violacea but now properly Ledebouria socialis.
- Scilla autumnalis
Autumn Squill: see Prospero autumnale
- Scilla maritima
Sea Squill: see Urginea maritima
- Scilla nutans
common bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta)]
- Scilla siehei
Glory-of-the-snow: see Chionodoxa siehei
Scilla peruviana is of interest for its name; it is a native of southwest Europe, not of Peru. When Carolus Linnaeus described the species in 1753, he was given specimens imported from Spain aboard a ship named Peru, and was misled into thinking the specimens had come from that country. The rules of botanical naming do not allow a scientific name to be changed merely because it is potentially confusing.
Cultivation and uses
Many species, notably S. siberica, are grown in gardens for their attractive early spring flowers.
- ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
- ^ ZipcodeZoo
- ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Scilloideae, http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/orders/asparagalesweb.htm#Hyacinthaceae
- ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
- ^ "Gee′s Linctus BP". Electronic Medicines Compendium. Datapharm Communications Limited. http://emc.medicines.org.uk/medicine/21068/XPIL/Gee%27s+Linctus+BP+%28Boots+Company+plc%29/. Retrieved 2010-01-16. "Each 5 ml of oral liquid contains Opium Tincture 0.084 ml, Squill Vinegar for Oxymel 0.5 ml."
- ^ Buttercup Syrup, (Chefaro UK Ltd.; William Ransom & Son): Squill Liquid Extract 0.0031ml.
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