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This genus of grassland cranes contains just two species. One (Blue Crane) occurs in southern Africa and is South Africa's national bird. The other (Demoiselle Crane) is widely distributed in 47 Eurasian countries. Smaller than most other cranes, they are the only cranes that lack bare red skin on the face (International Crane Foundation). The name "Anthropoides" comes from Greek and means "resembling a woman." This is likely due to their graceful dancing, intelligence, and vigilance, traits associated with women (Jobling 1991).

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