Comprehensive Description


 Growth form massive, rounded. Colour in vivo dark grey. Surface with large, sparse conules. Oscules scattered or grouped at the top surface, pre-oscular cavities extremely developed, large subdermal canals radially arranged at oscula. Large cavernous cavities (1–4 cm) irregularly scattered in the choanosome. Skeleton reticulate with ascending main fibres supporting the conules. Primaries (60–100 µm in diameter) twisted, with inclusions (fragments of spicules and mineral granules). Primaries present exclusively as main axis of conules, towards the surface, in some specimens/populations. Secondaries (20–30 µm in diameter) abundant, forming a dense network, without inclusions. 
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Renata Manconi, Barbara Cadeddu, Fabio Ledda, Roberto Pronzato

Source: ZooKeys


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