Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is restricted to the Massif de la Hotte, in Haiti, at 575-1,300m asl.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Eleutherodactylus eunaster
Catalog Number: USNM 189254
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Sex/Stage: Male;
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1971
Locality: Castillion, Grand'Anse, Haiti
Elevation (m): 762 to 762
  • Holotype: Schwartz, A. 1973. Journal of Herpetology. 7 (3): 250, figure 1.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Eleutherodactylus eunaster
Catalog Number: USNM 189257
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1971
Locality: Castillion, Grand'Anse, Haiti
Elevation (m): 762 to 762
  • Paratype: Schwartz, A. 1973. Journal of Herpetology. 7 (3): 250, figure 1.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is an arboreal species, occurring in mesic hardwood closed-canopy forests, and has not been recorded from disturbed forest. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
CR
Critically Endangered

Red List Criteria
A3c

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti.

History
  • 2004
    Critically Endangered
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Population

Population
It is known to be a moderately common species in suitable habitat. It was last recorded in 2005 (Hedges and Díaz, 2009).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
The primary threat to the species is severe habitat destruction, which is taking place as a result of logging by local people (charcoaling) and slash-and-burn agriculture.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Although it occurs in the Parc National Macaya, there is no management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area, in order to ensure the persistence of this species as well as other threatened amphibians known only from this area. Survey work is also required to determine the population status of this species.
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Wikipedia

Eleutherodactylus eunaster

Eleutherodactylus eunaster is a species of frog in the Leptodactylidae family endemic to Haiti. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

References

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