Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:77
Specimens with Sequences:51
Specimens with Barcodes:49
Species:10
Species With Barcodes:8
Public Records:19
Public Species:7
Public BINs:10
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Wikipedia

Heteropoda

Heteropoda is a genus of spiders in the family Sparassidae, the huntsman spiders. They are mainly distributed in tropical Asia and Australia, while at least one species, H. venatoria, has a cosmopolitan distribution,[1] and H. variegata occurs in the Mediterranean.[2]

These spiders catch and eat insects, but in a laboratory study one species readily ate fish and tadpoles when offered,[1] and H. venatoria has been known to eat scorpions and bats.[3]

The largest species in the genus, H. maxima, is about 4.6 centimeters long but has a legspan of up to 30 centimeters, therefore being the largest of any extant spider.[4]

Species[edit]

As of 2006, there were about 180 to 190 species in the genus, but the group requires taxonomic study and revision.[5][6]

Species include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Airamé, S. and P. Sierwald. (2000). Hunting and feeding behavior of one Heteropoda species in lowland rainforest on Borneo (Aranae, Sparassidae). Journal of Arachnology 28(2), 251-53.
  2. ^ Jager, P. and H. Ono. (2000). Sparassidae of Japan. I. New species of Olios, Heteropoda, and Sinopoda, with notes on some known species (Araneae: Sparassidae: Sparassinae and Heteropodinae). Acta Arachnologica 49(1), 41-60.
  3. ^ Ross, J., et al. (1982). The life cycle of Heteropoda venatoria (Linnaeus) (Araneae: Heteropodidae). Psyche 89, 297-306.
  4. ^ Iaeger, P. (2001). A new species of Heteropoda (Araneae, Sparassidae, Heteropodinae) from Laos, the largest huntsman spider? Zoosystema 23(3), 461-66.
  5. ^ Jäger, P. (2005). A 'swimming' Heteropoda species from Borneo (Araneae, Sparassidae, Heteropodinae). Journal of Arachnology 33(3), 715-18.
  6. ^ Eusemann, P. and P. Jäger. (2006). Heteropoda schwendingeri Jäger 2005 (Araneae: Sparassidae) – first description of female with notes on intraspecific variation and evidences supporting species status. Zootaxa 1325, 327-34.
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