IUCN threat status:

Endangered (EN)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

Philoria pughi is a relatively small frog (up to 30 mm in SVL), with a stout, pear-shaped body. The skin may be smooth, both dorsally and ventrally. Alternatively, there may be longitudinal dorsal ridges, or tubercles along the flanks and mid-dorsal line. This frog has a head that is shorter than wide, with a blunt snout and nostrils closer to the snout than the eye. Eyes are relatively large with horizontal pupils and blue sclera. Tympana are indistinct and small. The canthus rostralis is concave and well-defined. Vomerine teeth are arranged in two lateral plates separated at the midline, behind the level of the choanae. The tongue is rectangular. Fingers and toes are unwebbed, with digits being long and cylindrical. Finger lengths are, in decreasing order of length, 3>2>4>1. Toe lengths are 4>3>5>2>1. Both inner and outer palmar tubercles are small but distinct. There is a small, distinct inner metatarsal tubercle, but no outer metatarsal tubercle. Males have a very weakly developed nuptial pad on each thumb. Females have spatulae on the first and second fingers. The dorsal surface is generally plain orange or plain maroon, or orange with irregular dark patches; occasionally the color is bronze or tan. The upper surfaces of the limbs are maroon. A distinct crescent-shaped black patch is usually present on each flank. A black stripe runs posteriorly from snout through the eye, curving down to the base of the forearm. Ventrally the belly is yellow with red patches. A black patch is found over the cloacal area, which may sometimes extend onto the thighs. The lower surfaces of the hindlimbs are either mostly red, or yellow with numerous red splotches.

This species was named for Dailan Pugh of the North East Forest Alliance.

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