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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

A very large salamander with a stout body, broad head, and small eyes. It is covered with yellow to olive spots or blotches irregularly scattered over the back and sides.

Formerly included as a subspecies of A. tigrinum known as A. t. velasci, it is now generally recognized to be an independent species.

  • Petranka, J. W. (1998). Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs widely in Mexico from the Sierra Madre Occidental (close to the border with the USA [New Mexico]), south to Michoacan (close to Patzcuaro Lake), Toluca City, the State of Mexico, and Puebla, thence north through the Sierra Madre Oriental to the vicinity of Saltillo in Coahuila.
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Distribution and Habitat

A Mexican salamander whose distribution reaches as far north as the New Mexico border. Its range extends through central Mexico as far south as Mexico City , avoiding either coast.

  • Petranka, J. W. (1998). Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116738
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Holotype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 117410
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Texcoco, México, Mexico
  • Holotype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116755
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116754
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116753
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116752
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116751
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116750
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116749
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116748
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116747
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116746
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116744
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116743
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116742
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116741
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116740
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116739
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116737
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Ambystoma lacustris
Catalog Number: USNM 116736
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1939
Locality: Zumpango, México, Mexico
  • Paratype: Taylor, E. H. & Smith, H. M. 1945. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 95 (3185): 532, plate 18, figures 1-2.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Its ecology is similar to that of Ambystoma tigrinum. It breeds in deep volcanic lakes, shallow vernal pools, artificial cattle ponds, and intermittent, fish-free stream pools. This is primarily a grassland species that occurs in sparse forest and semi-arid grasslands, above about 1,800m asl. It may breed as either as metamorphic or paedomorphic individuals.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Brad Shaffer, Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Paulino Ponce-Campos

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

History
  • 2004
    Least Concern
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Population

Population
There is little information on its abundance, probably owing to taxonomic confusions.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Many populations of this widely distributed species are secure, but some are at serious risk. Increased urbanization, especially near Mexico City, in combination with other threats such as forest clearance, water extraction, pollution and the introduction of fishes, including trout, catfish and centrarchids (sunfishes and bass), carp (Cyprinus carpius) and mosquitofish (Gambusia), and frogs (Lithobates catesbeianus) for exploitation have caused a decline in some populations of this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It probably occurs in a few protected areas. Increased efforts at habitat conservation are urgent. Populations from the volcanic lakes of western Puebla are morphologically distinct and might be recognizable as distinct species, although they are identical based on DNA (Shaffer and McKnight, 1996). Captive breeding for these populations might be needed to protect them from decimation by introduced predatory fishes. This species is protected under the category Pr (Special protection) by the Government of Mexico.
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Wikipedia

Plateau tiger salamander

The plateau tiger salamander or Mexican tiger salamander (Ambystoma velasci) is a species of mole salamander in the Ambystomatidae family. It is found in Mexico and possibly the United States. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, temperate grassland, subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, rivers, freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, pastureland, and ponds. It is threatened by habitat loss.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brad Shaffer, Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Paulino Ponce-Campos (2010). Ambystoma velasci. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
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