Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Eleutherodactylus albipes is a small frog, reaching 33 mm in adult females; the adult males are smaller than the females. The vomerine teeth, behind the choanae, are in a transverse and long series. There is no webbing between the toes, and digital discs are small or absent (Barbour and Shreve 1937; Schwartz and Henderson 1985; Schwartz and Henderson 1991). .

This frog is dark brown to grayish, sometimes with a broad whitish lateral streak. The hind limbs are crossbanded with darker bars, at times indistinctly so. Often there is a dark groin spot. Concealed surfaces of the femur are whitish yellow. Hands and feet are yellowish white, above and below. The venter is whitish yellow, spotted with brown spots and a few small whitish spots (Barbour and Shreve 1937; Schwartz and Henderson 1985; Schwartz and Henderson 1991).

Eleutherodactylus albipes is a member of the Eleutherodactylus dimidiatus group, in the subgenus Euhyas. Related species include Eleutherodactylus maestrensis, E. dimidiatus and E. emiliae (Heinicke et al. 2007).

  • Heinicke, M. P., Duellman, W. E., and Hedges, S. B. (2007). ''Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal.'' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(24), 10092-10097.
  • Schwartz, A., and Henderson, R. W. (1985). A Guide to the Identification of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies Exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Museum, Inland Press, Milwaukee.
  • Schwartz, A., and Henderson, R. W. (1991). Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. Descriptions, Distributions, and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Barbour, T., and Shreve, B. (1937). “Novitates Cubanae.” Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 80(9), 377-387.
  • Díaz, L. M., Fong, A., Viña, N., and Knell, G. (2005). ''Amphibians and reptiles.'' Cuba: Parque Nacional La Bayamesa. Rapid Biological Inventories Report 13. D. Maceira, A. Fong, W. S. Alverson, and T. Wachter, eds., The Field Museum, Chicago.
  • Garrido, O. H., and Jaume, M. L. (1984). ''Catálogo descriptivo de los anfibios y reptiles de Cuba.'' Doñana, Acta Vertebrata, 11(2), 5-128.
  • Hedges, S. B. and Díaz, L. M. (2004). Eleutherodactylus albipes. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org/. Downloaded on 10 November 2007.
  • Vales, M., Álvarez, A., Montes, L., and Ávila, A. (1998). Estudio Nacional sobre la Diversidad Biológica en la República de Cuba. CESYTA, Madrid.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs on Turquino Peak, Sierra Maestra, in Cuba, at 1,700-1,974m asl.
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Distribution and Habitat

This species is endemic to Cuba. It is known only from Sierra del Turquino in the Sierra Maestra mountains, at the highest elevations of eastern Cuba, 1700-1974 m above sea level. (Garrido and Jaume 1984; Schwartz and Henderson 1991). This is a terrestrial species, found in the leaf litter of rainforests and cloud forests (Diaz et al. 2005).

  • Heinicke, M. P., Duellman, W. E., and Hedges, S. B. (2007). ''Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal.'' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(24), 10092-10097.
  • Schwartz, A., and Henderson, R. W. (1985). A Guide to the Identification of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies Exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Museum, Inland Press, Milwaukee.
  • Schwartz, A., and Henderson, R. W. (1991). Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. Descriptions, Distributions, and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Barbour, T., and Shreve, B. (1937). “Novitates Cubanae.” Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 80(9), 377-387.
  • Díaz, L. M., Fong, A., Viña, N., and Knell, G. (2005). ''Amphibians and reptiles.'' Cuba: Parque Nacional La Bayamesa. Rapid Biological Inventories Report 13. D. Maceira, A. Fong, W. S. Alverson, and T. Wachter, eds., The Field Museum, Chicago.
  • Garrido, O. H., and Jaume, M. L. (1984). ''Catálogo descriptivo de los anfibios y reptiles de Cuba.'' Doñana, Acta Vertebrata, 11(2), 5-128.
  • Hedges, S. B. and Díaz, L. M. (2004). Eleutherodactylus albipes. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org/. Downloaded on 10 November 2007.
  • Vales, M., Álvarez, A., Montes, L., and Ávila, A. (1998). Estudio Nacional sobre la Diversidad Biológica en la República de Cuba. CESYTA, Madrid.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Eleutherodactylus albipes
Catalog Number: USNM 103376
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1936
Locality: Pico Turquino, Oriente, Cuba
Elevation (m): 1646 to 1829
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in high-elevation closed-canopy moist forest, and has not been recorded from disturbed forest. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
CR
Critically Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2, its range is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
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Population

Population
It is an uncommon species.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

The natural history of this species is unknown.

  • Heinicke, M. P., Duellman, W. E., and Hedges, S. B. (2007). ''Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal.'' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(24), 10092-10097.
  • Schwartz, A., and Henderson, R. W. (1985). A Guide to the Identification of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies Exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Museum, Inland Press, Milwaukee.
  • Schwartz, A., and Henderson, R. W. (1991). Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. Descriptions, Distributions, and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Barbour, T., and Shreve, B. (1937). “Novitates Cubanae.” Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 80(9), 377-387.
  • Díaz, L. M., Fong, A., Viña, N., and Knell, G. (2005). ''Amphibians and reptiles.'' Cuba: Parque Nacional La Bayamesa. Rapid Biological Inventories Report 13. D. Maceira, A. Fong, W. S. Alverson, and T. Wachter, eds., The Field Museum, Chicago.
  • Garrido, O. H., and Jaume, M. L. (1984). ''Catálogo descriptivo de los anfibios y reptiles de Cuba.'' Doñana, Acta Vertebrata, 11(2), 5-128.
  • Hedges, S. B. and Díaz, L. M. (2004). Eleutherodactylus albipes. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org/. Downloaded on 10 November 2007.
  • Vales, M., Álvarez, A., Montes, L., and Ávila, A. (1998). Estudio Nacional sobre la Diversidad Biológica en la República de Cuba. CESYTA, Madrid.
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Threats

Major Threats
Severe habitat destruction is taking place as a result of clear-cutting, charcoaling, agricultural expansion, disturbance from touristic activities, and infrastructure development for human settlement.
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

Severe habitat modification and destruction represent the principal threats to this species, resulting from deforestation (clear-cutting and charcoaling), agriculture, disturbance from tourist activities, and infrastructure development for human settlement (Vales et al. 1998; Hedges and Diaz 2004).

  • Heinicke, M. P., Duellman, W. E., and Hedges, S. B. (2007). ''Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal.'' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(24), 10092-10097.
  • Schwartz, A., and Henderson, R. W. (1985). A Guide to the Identification of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies Exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Museum, Inland Press, Milwaukee.
  • Schwartz, A., and Henderson, R. W. (1991). Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. Descriptions, Distributions, and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Barbour, T., and Shreve, B. (1937). “Novitates Cubanae.” Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 80(9), 377-387.
  • Díaz, L. M., Fong, A., Viña, N., and Knell, G. (2005). ''Amphibians and reptiles.'' Cuba: Parque Nacional La Bayamesa. Rapid Biological Inventories Report 13. D. Maceira, A. Fong, W. S. Alverson, and T. Wachter, eds., The Field Museum, Chicago.
  • Garrido, O. H., and Jaume, M. L. (1984). ''Catálogo descriptivo de los anfibios y reptiles de Cuba.'' Doñana, Acta Vertebrata, 11(2), 5-128.
  • Hedges, S. B. and Díaz, L. M. (2004). Eleutherodactylus albipes. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org/. Downloaded on 10 November 2007.
  • Vales, M., Álvarez, A., Montes, L., and Ávila, A. (1998). Estudio Nacional sobre la Diversidad Biológica en la República de Cuba. CESYTA, Madrid.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Although its range is wholly within Parque Nacional Turquino and Parque Nacional la Bayamesa, these protected areas are in need of improved management.
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Wikipedia

Eleutherodactylus albipes

Eleutherodactylus albipes is a species of frog in the Leptodactylidae family endemic to Cuba. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

References

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