IUCN threat status:

Extinct in the Wild (EW)

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Introduction

Nectophrynoides asperginis the Kihansi spray toad was originally discovered and described in 1998. The Kihansi spray toad is now extinct in the wild.The Kihansi spray toad lived in the spray wetland of the Kihansi Falls in the Kihansi Gorge in the Udzungwa Mountains of eastern TanzaniaThe serious decline and extinction of this species appears related to the construction of a hydroelectric dam in 2000 upstream on the Kihansi River, which cut off 90% of the original water flow to the gorge, thereby hugely reducing the volume of spray, particularly in the dry season.

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