The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2004. database, Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2004. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)
  • Behler, J., F. King. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc..
  • Cogger, H., R. Zweifel. 1998. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd edition. San Diego: Academic Press.
  • Collins, J. T. (1991). "A new taxonomic arrangement for some North American amphibians and reptiles." Herpetological Review, 22, 42-43.
  • Conant, R. and Collins, J. T. (1991). A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern/Central North America. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
  • Conant, R., J. Collins. 1998. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. 3rd Edition, Expanded. NY: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2008. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed. Herpetological Circular No. 37
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2008. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Sixth Ed. Herpetological Circular No. 37. 1-84
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2000. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Herpetological Circular, no. 29
  • Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Jonathan A. Campbell, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed. 2000. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. Herpetological Circular, no. 29. iv + 82
  • Danch, J. July 1996. The Hellbender. Reptiles, 4: 48-59.
  • Dundee, H. A. (1971). ''Cryptobranchus, and C. alleganiensis.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, 101.1-101.4.
  • Dundee, H. A., and Dundee, D. S. (1965). ''Observations on the systematics and ecology of Cryptobranchus from the Ozark Plateaus of Missouri and Arkansas.'' Copeia, 1965(3), 369-370.
  • Frost, Darrel R. 2009. database. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3
  • Kawamichi, T. and Ueda, H. (1998). ''Spawning at nests of extra-large males in the Giant Salamander Andrias japonicus.'' Journal of Herpetology, 32, 133-136.
  • Nickerson, M. A., and Mays, C. E. (1973). The Hellbenders: North American ''Giant Salamanders''. Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, WI.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Partners in Amphibian And Reptile Conservation: Northeast Working Group (Online source)   http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/neparc/ External link.
  • Peterson, C. L. (1988). "Breeding activities of the hellbender in Missouri." Herpetological Review, 19, 28-29.
  • Petranka, J. W. (1998). Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.
  • Pough, F., R. Andrews, J. Cadle, M. Crump, A. Savitzky. 1998. Herpetology. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc..
  • read more: Smithsonian Science: Study aims to give endangered Shenandoah salamander better odds at survival

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