Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Cryptotriton nasalis is a generally dark brown salamander, usually with pale brown coloration along the dorsal surface of the limbs and tail. Enlarged nostril openings, well-developed labial protuberances and a broadly rounded snout are also observed in this species. A slightly constricted tail, with slender, relatively long limbs. Usually displaying one and a half to three costal folds between adpressed limbs in males, and two and a half to three and a half costal folds between females.

This account was based on the description found in (McCranie and Wilson 2002).

  • McCranie, J. R., and Wilson, L. D. (2002). ''The Amphibians of Honduras.'' Contributions to Herpetology, Vol 19. K. Adler and T. D. Perry, eds., Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs at middle and high elevations in Parque Nacional El Cusuco, in the Sierra de Omoa in Cortés Department, in extreme north-western Honduras. Its altitudinal range is 1,220-2,200m asl. It probably also occurs in nearby eastern Guatemala, although these records might involve Cryptotriton wakei.
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Distribution and Habitat

This species can be found within moderate to intermediate elevations (1220 to 2200 meters) of northwestern Honduras in the Sierra de Omoa and likely adjacent Guatemala.

  • McCranie, J. R., and Wilson, L. D. (2002). ''The Amphibians of Honduras.'' Contributions to Herpetology, Vol 19. K. Adler and T. D. Perry, eds., Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Cryptotriton nasalis
Catalog Number: USNM 103337
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1923
Locality: San Pedro, Cortés, Honduras
Elevation (m): 1372 to 1372
  • Paratype: Dunn, E. R. 1924. Field. Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser. 12 (7): 97.
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Paratype for Cryptotriton nasalis
Catalog Number: USNM 103336
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1923
Locality: San Pedro, Cortés, Honduras
Elevation (m): 1372 to 1372
  • Paratype: Dunn, E. R. 1924. Field. Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser. 12 (7): 97.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It lives in pre-montane and lower montane wet forest and cloud forest, and is able to withstand some habitat degradation, providing this is not severe. It is an arboreal species, living in bromeliads. Breeding takes place by direct development.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie, Franklin Castañeda

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in northwestern Honduras.

History
  • 2004
    Endangered
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Population

Population
It is a reasonably common species. It was recorded from Parque Nacional El Cusuco in 2004-2006 (Franklin Castañeda pers. comm. 2007, Townsend et al., 2006).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
The main threat is forest loss due to expanding subsistence agriculture, in particular the creation of coffee farms. It might also be adversely affected by prolonged periods of drought.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in Parque Nacional El Cusuco.
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Wikipedia

Cortez' hidden salamander

Cortez' Hidden Salamander (Cryptotriton nasalis) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family. It is found in Honduras and possibly Guatemala. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

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