Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species has a restricted and fragmented range in central Jamaica, where it has been recorded from 120-880m asl.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Osteopilus marianae
Catalog Number: USNM 35860
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Year Collected: 1905
Locality: Holly Mount, Mt. Diablo, St. Ann Parish - St. Catherine Parish, Jamaica
Elevation (m): 823 to 823
  • Paratype: Dunn, E. R. 1926. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History. 38 (4): 129.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Paratype for Osteopilus marianae
Catalog Number: USNM 36668
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles
Preparation: Ethanol
Locality: Holly Mount, St. Catherine Parish, Jamaica
Elevation (m): 823 to 823
  • Paratype: Dunn, E. R. 1926. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History. 38 (4): 129.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Amphibians & Reptiles

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is found in bromeliads in pine and deciduous forests. Eggs are laid in bromeliads. It was thought not to have a call until recently as it does not have a vocal sac, but it actually does vocalize by means of vibration. It is restricted to old growth forest, and is not tolerant of disturbance of its forest habitat.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2004

Assessor/s
Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson

Reviewer/s
Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its range is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat on Jamaica.
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Population

Population
This species appears to be less common than Osteopilus wilderi.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Deforestation is a major threat throughout its range, primarily for agriculture, human settlement, development for tourist activities, and selective logging.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It is known from a few forest reserves, but these do not guarantee the species' long-term protection, and increased management of these reserves, and improved habitat protection, are necessary.
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Wikipedia

Yellow bromeliad frog

The yellow bromeliad frog or Spaldings tree frog (Osteopilus marianae) is a species of frog in the Hylidae family endemic to Jamaica. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

References

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