Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Adult C. volcani are medium-sized (TL to 320mm) caecilians with 112-124 primary annular folds and 14-37 secondary annular folds. The eyes are visible under the skin, splenial teeth are present, the tongue has dark narial plugs, and the total length divided by the mid-body width is 30-37. Coloration in life is a uniform slate gray, vaguely lighter on the head, neck, and lighter still on the lips and underside of the snout. In preservative the dorsum of the animal is dark charcoal grey with a lighter shade on the sides and belly. Annular folds are darker than the lateral coloration. The snout is light tan as are the margin of the lower jaws, and a small circle at the vent.

  • Savage, J.M. and Wake, M.H. (1972). ''Geographic variation and systematics of the Middle American caecilians, genera Dermophis and Gymnophis.'' Copeia, 1972(4), 680-695.
  • Ahl, E. (1924). ''Über einige afrikanische Frösche.'' Zoologischer Anzeiger, 59/60, 269-273.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the western cordilleras and Atlantic lowlands of Panama, where its altitudinal range is 550-1,180m asl.
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Distribution and Habitat

This caecilian is endemic to Panamá and fewer than 20 specimens have been deposited from three provinces (Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí, and Cochlé). The altitudinal range for this species is from 500m - 1100m. All specimens have been collected within 20km of the continental divide and the disjunct range may represent poor sampling of the intervening area.

  • Savage, J.M. and Wake, M.H. (1972). ''Geographic variation and systematics of the Middle American caecilians, genera Dermophis and Gymnophis.'' Copeia, 1972(4), 680-695.
  • Ahl, E. (1924). ''Über einige afrikanische Frösche.'' Zoologischer Anzeiger, 59/60, 269-273.
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Countries

Countries

This species is endemic to Panama.

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Identification

Adult

Species descriptions based on Taylor (1952, 1969).  Caecilia volcani is not a large caecilian, reaching lengths up to 324 mm.

Dorsal

This caecilian is slately gray in color, with some lighter coloration around the mouth, eyes, and nostrils.

Eye

The eyes are visible and slightly raised from the surface of the head. A small tentacle is present below the nose.

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It is a subterranean species, also occurring within the moist leaf-litter of humid tropical forest.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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General Ecology

Ecology

Ecology

Specimens were collected from soft mud in a swampy area near El Valle de Anton (Taylor 1969).

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Caecilia volcani

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACTCGTTGATTCTTCTCAACAAACCATAAAGACATCGGCACCCTCTACCTCGTATTTGGTGCCTGATCCGGAATAGTAGGCACCGCCCTC---AGCCTGCTCATCCGCGCAGAATTAAGCCAACCTGGAGCCCTTCTAGGAGAC---GATCAGATCTACAACGTCATTGTCACCGCACACGCTTTTATTATAATCTTTTTTATAGTAATACCTATTATAATCGGCGGATTTGGTAATTGATTAGTCCCCTTAATA---ATTGGCGCGCCTGATATAGCATTTCCCCGCATAAATAACATAAGCTTTTGGCTACTCCCCCCATCTCTTCTGCTCCTCTTGGCCTCTTCTGGAGTTGAGGCAGGCGCTGGCACAGGCTGAACAGTATATCCACCACTAGCCGGAAACCTAGCCCACGCAGGCGCATCCGTAGACCTC---ACTATCTTTTCACTTCACCTAGCCGGAGTCTCATCTATCCTCGGCGCAATTAACTTTATCACCACTATTATTAACATAAAACCCCCTGTAATATCCCAATACCAAACTCCACTATTTGTTTGATCAGTCTTAGTCACTGCGGTACTACTCCTGTTATCACTCCCAGTTTTAGCCGCT---GGCATCACCATGCTGCTTACCGACCGTAACCTTAATACAACTTTTTTTGACCCCGCTGGTGGAGGAGACCCAATCCTATACCAACATCTGTTCTGATTCTTCGGTCACCCAGAAGTTTATATTCTGATCCTCCCAGGGTTTGGAATAATTTCTCACATCGTCACATATTATTCTGGTAAAAAA---GAACCTTTCGGCTACATAGGCATGGTCTGAGCAATAATATCCATCGGCCTGCTTGGCTTCATTGTCTGAGCCCACCACATATTTACAGTAGGCTTAAACACAGACACGCGCGCATACTTTACCTCAGCAACAATAATTATCGCCATTCCCACCGGCGTGAAAGTGTTTAGCTGATTA---GCAACCCTGCACGGAG
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Caecilia volcani

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q., Wilkinson, M. & Wake, M.

Reviewer/s
Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainties as to its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.
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Population

Population
At Fortuna, Panama, this may be one of the most abundant but unrecognised or unsurveyed species; with 10 to 15 animals seen dead on road in a mornings drive (Karen Lips pers. comm., 2007). Further studies are needed to confirm whether there has been a recent decline in this speices at Fortuna and Cope (Karen Lips pers. comm., 2007).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

Unknown

  • Savage, J.M. and Wake, M.H. (1972). ''Geographic variation and systematics of the Middle American caecilians, genera Dermophis and Gymnophis.'' Copeia, 1972(4), 680-695.
  • Ahl, E. (1924). ''Über einige afrikanische Frösche.'' Zoologischer Anzeiger, 59/60, 269-273.
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Threats

Major Threats
Deforestation as a result of expanding agriculture is a potential threat to it, but there is not enough information available to confirm this.
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Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors

Unknown

  • Savage, J.M. and Wake, M.H. (1972). ''Geographic variation and systematics of the Middle American caecilians, genera Dermophis and Gymnophis.'' Copeia, 1972(4), 680-695.
  • Ahl, E. (1924). ''Über einige afrikanische Frösche.'' Zoologischer Anzeiger, 59/60, 269-273.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in Parque Nacional Altos de Campana, Parque Internacional La Amistad and the Reserva Forestal Fortuna. Further research is needed into the declines of this species at Fortuna, Panama.
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Wikipedia

Caecilia volcani

Caecilia volcani is a species of amphibian in the Caeciliidae family. It is endemic to Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, plantations, rural gardens, and heavily degraded former forest.

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