The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Aldridge, H. D. J. N., and I. L. Rautenbach. 1987. Morphological and resource partioning in insectivorous bats. Journal of Animal Ecology 56:763-778.
  • Baron, G., H. Stephan, and H. D. Frahm. 1996. Comparative Neurobiology in Chiroptera. Volume 1. Macromorphology, brain structures, tables and atlases. Birkhauser Verlag., Basal.
  • Happold, D. C. D., and M. Happold. 1988. Renal form and function in relation to the ecology of bats (chiorptera)from Malawi, Central Africa. Journal of Zoology 215:629-655.
  • Happold, D. C. D., and M. Happold. 1989. Reproduction of Angola free-tailed bats (Tadarida condylura) and little free tailed bat (Tadarida pumila) in Malawi (central africa) and elsewhere in Africa. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 85:133-149.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hosken, D. J. 1997. Sperm competition in bats. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 264:385-392.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1994. Chiroptera: Systematics.in J. Niethammer, H. Schliemann, and D. Starck, editors. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 8 Mammalia, Berlin and New York.
  • Krutzsch, P. H., and E. G. Crichton. 1985. Observations on the reproductive cycle of female Molossus fortis (Chiroptera: Molossidae) in Puerto Rico. Journal of Zoology 207:137-150.
  • McLellan, L. J. 1986. Notes on Bats of Sudan. American Museum Novitates 2839:1-12.
  • Mutere, F. A. 1973. Reproduction in two species of equatorial free-tailed bats (Molossidae). East African Wildlife Journal 11:271-280.
  • Norberg, U. M., and J. M. V. Rayner. 1987. Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera): wing adaptations, flight performance, foraging strategy and echolocation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 316:335-427.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Silva, M., and J. A. Downing. 1996. CRC Handbook of Mammalian Body Masses. CRC Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stephan, H., J. E. Nelson, and H. D. Frahm. 1981. Brain size comparison in Chiroptera. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 19:195-222.
  • Wilkinson, G. S., and G. F. McCracken. 2003. Bats and balls: sexual selection and sperm competition in the Chiroptera. Pages 128-155 in T. H. Kunz and M. B. Fenton, editors. Bat ecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • van der Merwe, M. 1990. Polytocy in the cape serotine bat Eptesicus capensis A. Smith 1829 from the Southern African subregion. South African Journal of Zoology 25:200-203.
  • van der Merwe, M., and L. Viviers. 1995. The reproductive cycle of the female Angolan Free-Tailed Bat Tadarida condylura in Kruger National Park. Bat Research News 36:120.

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