The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Baron, G., H. Stephan, and H. D. Frahm. 1996. Comparative Neurobiology in Chiroptera. Volume 1. Macromorphology, brain structures, tables and atlases. Birkhauser Verlag., Basal.
  • Eisentraut, M. 1950. Die Ernahrung der Fledermause. Zoologische Jahrbucher Jena 79:114-177.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kingdon, J. 1974. East African Mammals: An atlas of Evolution in Africa vol II. London: Academic Press.
  • Koopman, K. F. 1994. Chiroptera: Systematics.in J. Niethammer, H. Schliemann, and D. Starck, editors. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 8 Mammalia, Berlin and New York.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Norberg, U. M., and J. M. V. Rayner. 1987. Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera): wing adaptations, flight performance, foraging strategy and echolocation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 316:335-427.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Rosevear, D. 1965. The Bats of West Africa. London: Trustees of the British Museum.
  • Silva, M., and J. A. Downing. 1996. CRC Handbook of Mammalian Body Masses. CRC Press, New York, New York, USA.
  • Simmons, Nancy B. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Chiroptera. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 312-529
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stephan, H., J. E. Nelson, and H. D. Frahm. 1981. Brain size comparison in Chiroptera. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 19:195-222.
  • Vaughan, T. A., and R. P. Vaughan. 1987. Parental behavior in the African yellow winged bat (Lavia frons). Journal of Mammalogy 68:217-223.
  • Vaughan, T. A., and S. T. Schwartz. 1980. Behavioural Ecology of an Insular Woodrat. Journal of Mammalogy 61:205-218.
  • Vaughan, T., R. Vaughan. 1986. Seasonality and the Behavior of the African Yellow-Winged Bat. Journal of Mammalogy, 67: 91-102.
  • Vaughan, T., R. Vaughan. May 26, 1987. Parental Behavior in the African Yellow-Winged BAt. Journal of Mammalogy, 68: 217-223.
  • Vonhof, M., M. Kalcounis. May 5, 1999. Lavia frons. Mammalian Species, No. 614: 1-4.
  • Wilkinson, G. S., and G. F. McCracken. 2003. Bats and balls: sexual selection and sperm competition in the Chiroptera. Pages 128-155 in T. H. Kunz and M. B. Fenton, editors. Bat ecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204

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