Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Panthera leo.

Distribution

Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>
Geographic range (area)
Additional detail 11,237,685.34 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Longitude min
Additional detail -14.1 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 28.65 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 71.43 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
Latitude min
Additional detail -28.5 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail -3.41 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 21.67 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 1.84 m adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 1.29 kg newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 158.62 kg adult PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 98.0 kg AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Teat number average
Additional detail 4 PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 1.3 kg neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 175.0 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 8.48 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>
Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail arid
  • Arid
    An arid condition is an environmental condition in which annual precipitation is less than half of annual potential evapotranspiration.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail biome
  • Biome
    A major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and other organisms. Biomes are defined based on factors such as plant structures (such as trees, shrubs, and grasses), leaf types (such as broadleaf and needleleaf), plant spacing (forest, woodland, savanna), and other factors like climate. Unlike ecozones, biomes are not defined by genetic, taxonomic, or historical similarities. Biomes are often identified with particular patterns of ecological succession and climax vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000428
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cultivated habitat
  • Cultivated habitat
    A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail national park
  • National park
    A reserve of land, usually, but not always declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. National parks are a protected area of IUCN category II.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000367
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peak Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail 85.8 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Trophic level
Additional detail Carnivore
  • Carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail African Bush Elephant GloBI  
Additional detail Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Chacma Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Cheetah GloBI  
Additional detail Dibatag GloBI  
Additional detail Domestic Cattle GloBI  
Additional detail Egyptian Goose GloBI  
Additional detail Gerenuk GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Rhebok GloBI  
Additional detail Guinea Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Hirola GloBI  
Additional detail Human GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Reedbuck GloBI  
Additional detail Nile Lechwe GloBI  
Additional detail Roan Antilope GloBI  
Additional detail Sable Antelope GloBI  
Additional detail Sharpe''s Grysbok GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Reedbuck GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Hyena GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Baboon GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail African Bush Elephant GloBI  
Additional detail Animals GloBI  
Additional detail Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Dibatag GloBI  
Additional detail Domestic Cattle GloBI  
Additional detail Egyptian Goose GloBI  
Additional detail Gerenuk GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Rhebok GloBI  
Additional detail Guinea Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Hamadryas Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Hirola GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Reedbuck GloBI  
Additional detail Nile Lechwe GloBI  
Additional detail Roan Antilope GloBI  
Additional detail Sable Antelope GloBI  
Additional detail Sharpe''s Grysbok GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Reedbuck GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Baboon GloBI  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  
Temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail 23.44 degrees Celsius PanTHERIA  
  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 902.1 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,541.66 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Aardvark GloBI  
Additional detail African Bush Elephant GloBI  
Additional detail African Forest Elephant GloBI  
Additional detail Black Rhinoceros GloBI  
Additional detail Blue Wildebeest GloBI  
Additional detail Brown Hyaena GloBI  
Additional detail Burchell's Zebra GloBI  
Additional detail Bushpig GloBI  
Additional detail Caracal GloBI  
Additional detail Chacma Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Common Warthog GloBI  
Additional detail Dama Gazelle GloBI  
Additional detail Desert Warthog GloBI  
Additional detail Dibatag GloBI  
Additional detail Domestic Cattle GloBI  
Additional detail Dorcas Gazelle GloBI  
Additional detail Egyptian Goose GloBI  
Additional detail Gerenuk GloBI  
Additional detail Giraffe GloBI  
Additional detail Grevy''s Zebra GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Rhebok GloBI  
Additional detail Guinea Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Hirola GloBI  
Additional detail Human GloBI  
Additional detail Kori Bustard GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard GloBI  
Additional detail Lion GloBI  
Additional detail Lion GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Reedbuck GloBI  
Additional detail Mountain Zebra GloBI  
Additional detail Nile Lechwe GloBI  
Additional detail Puku GloBI  
Additional detail Roan Antilope GloBI  
Additional detail Rock Hyrax GloBI  
Additional detail Sable Antelope GloBI  
Additional detail Sharpe''s Grysbok GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Reedbuck GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Tree Hyrax GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Tree Hyrax GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Hyena GloBI  
Additional detail Thomson's Gazelle GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow Baboon GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow-backed Duiker GloBI  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>
Home range average
Additional detail 103.85 km^2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 55.19 km^2 PanTHERIA  
Clutch/brood/litter size average
Additional detail 2.75 PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 3 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail Nocturnal PanTHERIA  
Age at first birth average
Additional detail 2.87 years female PanTHERIA  
Dispersal age average
Additional detail 2.96 years PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 108.74 days PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval
Additional detail 1.78 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 2.0 years female PanTHERIA  
Litters per year
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 2 female PanTHERIA  
Total life span max
Additional detail 27 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 30.0 years PanTHERIA  
Age at eye opening average
Additional detail 3 days PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 3.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 3.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 2.7 years PanTHERIA  
Terrestriality
Additional detail fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • Fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
Weaning age average
Additional detail 197.86 days PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 216 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.0035 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 109 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 5.33 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 2.59 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>
Metabolic rate average
Additional detail 27,420.6 mL/hr O2 PanTHERIA  
  • Basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Basal metabolic rate
Additional detail 94.58 Watts AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
Body temperature
Additional detail 37.9 degrees Celsius AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 0.11 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density 5th percentile
Additional detail 1 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
mean Additional detail 28.6 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density change mean
Additional detail 0.14 PanTHERIA  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Panthera leo</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail vulnerable
  • Vulnerable
    A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vulnerable
IUCN  

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!