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The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (November, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Nowak, R.M. (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 3. Hindell, M.A. (2002) Elephant seals. In: Perrin, W.F., Würsig, B. and Thewissen, J.G.M. Eds. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Academic Press, London.
  • 4. Macdonald, D.W. (2006) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 5. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council (September, 2008) http://www.wpcouncil.org/protected/species_mammals.html#tophttp://www.wpcouncil.org/protected/species_mammals.html#top External link.
  • Aguilar, J.L. 1989. Censos poblacionales de elefante marino Mirounga angustirostris en la Isla San Martín, B.C., México, abril 1983-1984. XIV Reunión Internacional para el Estudio de los Mamíferos Marinos. .
  • Andrews, R., D. Costa, B. Le Boeuf, D. Jones. 2000. Breathing frequencies of northern elephant seals at sea and on land revealed by heart rate spectral analysis. Respiration Physiology, 123: 71-85.
  • Aurioles-Gamboa, D., Le Boeuf, B.J. y Findley, L.T. 1985. Pinnípedos registrados fuera de su rango de distribución en México. X Reunión Internacional para el Estudio de los Mamíferos Marinos. .
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2014). Mirounga angustirostris Gill, 1866. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=255018
  • Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. 1998. Towards comprehensive phylogenies: examples within the Carnivora (Mammalia). Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
  • Bodkin, J.L. y Jameson, R.J. 1985. Pup production, abundance, and breeding distribution of northern elephant seals on San Nicolas Island, winter 1981. Cal. Fish Game. 71 (1) : 53-59.
  • Bonnell ML, Selander RK. 1974. Elephant seals: genetic variation and near extinction. Science 134:908–9.
  • Bonner, W. 1990. The Natural History of Seals. New York, NY: Facts On File, Inc..
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Costa DP, Robinson PW, Arnould JPY, Harrison A-L, Simmons SE, et al. 2010. Accuracy of ARGOS Locations of Pinnipeds at-Sea Estimated Using Fastloc GPS. PLoS ONE 5(1): e8677. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008677
  • Costa, D.P., Le Boeuf, B.J., Huntley, B.J. y Ortiz, C.L. 1986. The energetics of lactation in the northern elephant seal, Mirounga angustirostris. Journal of Zoology. 209: 21-33.
  • Cruz, H.A. 1986. Reconocimiento de las poblaciones del elefante marino del norte, Mirounga angustirostris, en las Islas Cedros, Natividad y San Benitos. XI Reunión Internacional para el estudio de los Mamíferos Marinos. .
  • DOF-semarnap. 2000. Proyecto de la Norma Oficial Mexicana PROY-NOM-059-ECOL-2000. Diario Oficial de la Federación. México.
  • Davis, R., L. Fuiman, T. Williams, B. Le Boeuf. 2001. Three-dimensional movements and swimming activity of a northern elephant seal. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, 129: 759-770.
  • Delong, R., B. Stewart. 1991. Diving patterns of northern elephant seal bulls. Marine Mammal Science, 7 (4): 369-384.
  • Don Wilson and Sue Ruff (1999) The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Smithsonian Books: Washington.
  • Feldhamer, G., L. Drickamer, S. Vessey, J. Merritt. 1999. Mammalogy: Adaptation, Diversity, and Ecology. Boston: McGraw Hill.
  • Gallo-Reynoso, J.P. y Le Boeuf, B.J. 1991. Diferencias sexuales en el comportamiento de buceo y movimientos migratorios en elefante marino del norte, Mirounga angustirostris. XVI Reunión Internacional para el Estudio de los Mamíferos Marinos. .
  • Gill, T. 1866. Prodrome of a monograph of pinnipedes. Proceedings of the Essex Institute. 5: 3-13.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hill, A. 1996. "Get Outside! the Bay Area...naturally" (On-line). Accessed November 11, 2001 at http://www.sfgate.com/getoutside/1996/feb96/elephantseals.html.
  • Hoelzel AR, Halley J, O'Brien SJ, Campagna C, Arnbom T, Le Boeuf B, Ralls K, Dover GA. 1993. Elephant seal genetic variation and the use of simulation models to investigate historical population bottlenecks. J. Hered. 84:443–49.
  • Huntley, A. C.; Costa, D. P.; Rubin, R. D. 1984. The contribution of nasal countercurrent heat exchange to water balance in the northern elephant seal, Mirounga angustirostris. 447-454 p.
  • Ingles, L. 1965. Mammals of the Pacific States. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Kastak, D., R. Schusterman. 1999. In-air and underwater hearing sensitivity of a northern elephant seal (*Mirounga angustirostris*). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 77 (11): 1751-1758.
  • King, J.E. 1983. Seals of the World. Cornell University Press. United Kingdom.
  • Klimley, A., B. Le Boeuf, K. Cantara, J. Richert, S. Davis. 2001. Radio-acoustic positioning as a tool for studying sit-specific behavior of the white shark and other large marine species. Marine Biology, 138: 429-446.
  • Lawlor, T. 1979. Handbook to the Orders and Families of Living Mammals. Eureka, California: Mad River Press.
  • Le Boeuf, B., D. Crocker, D. Costa, S. Blackwell, P. Webb. 2000. Foraging ecology of northern elephant seals. Ecological Monographs, 70 (3): 353-382.
  • Le Boeuf, B.J. 1971. The aggression of the breeding bulls. Nat. Hist. 80: 82-94.
  • Le Boeuf, B.J. 1974. Male-male competition and reproductive success in elephant seals. American Zoologist. 14: 163-176.
  • Le Boeuf, B.J. 1982. Los pinnípedos de la Isla Guadalupe. VII Reunión Internacional para el Estudio de los Mamíferos Marinos. .
  • Le Boeuf, B.J. y Mate, B.R. 1978. Elephant seals colonize additional Mexican and Californian islands. Journal of Mammalogy. 59 (3) : 621-622.
  • Le Boeuf, B.J. y Ortiz, C.L. 1977. Composition of elephant seal milk. Journal of Mammalogy. 58: 683-685.
  • Le Boeuf, B.J., Ainley, D.G. y Lewis, T.J. 1974. Elephant seals on the Farallones: population structure of an incipient breeding colony. Journal of Mammalogy. 55: 370-385.
  • Le Boeuf, B.J., Countryman, D.A. y Hubbs, C.L. 1975. Records of elephant seals, Mirounga angustirostris, on Los Coronados Islands, B.C., México, with recent analyses of the breeding population. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 18 (1) : 1-8.
  • Le Boeuf, B.J., Naito, Y., Asaga, T., Crocker, D. y Costa, D.P. 1992. Swim speed in a female northern elephpnt seal: metabolic and forging implications. Candian Journal of Zoology. 70: 786-795.
  • Lectotype: Gill, T. 7 Apr 1866 . Proceedings of the Essex Institute. 5: 13.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • Lowry, M.S. y Perryman, W.L. 1993. Trends in counts of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) from large format aerial photographs taken at San Miguel, San Nicolas, and Santa Rosa Islands, C.A. XVIII Reunión Internacional para el Estudio de los Mamíferos Marinos. .
  • Matthews, L. 1952. Sea Elephant: The Life and Death of the Elephant Seal. London: MacGibbon & Kee.
  • McConnaughey, B., E. McConnaughey. 1997. Pacific Coast. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc..
  • Morrell, B., Jr. 1832. A narrative of four voyages to the South Sea, North and South Pacific Ocean, Chinese Sea, Ethiopic and southern Atlantic Ocean, Indian and Atarctic Ocean, from the year 1822-1831. J. and J. Harper. New York, U.S.A.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Original description: Gill, T., 1866.  Prodome of a monograph of the Pinnepedes.  Proceedings of the Essex Institute, Salem Communications, p. 13.  5:3-13.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Reeves, R., B. Stewart, S. Leatherwood. 1992. The Sierra Club Handbook of Seals and Sirenians. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.
  • Rice, D.W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World. Systematics and Distribution. (4). Estados Unidos.
  • Rice, D.W., Kenyon, K.W. y Lluch, D. 1965. Pinniped populations at Islas Guadalupe, San Benito, and Cedros, Baja California, in 1965. Proceedings of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 14: 75-84.
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4. ix + 231
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Ronald Nowak (2003) Walker's Marine Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Tremblay Y, Robinson PW, Costa DP. 2009. A Parsimonious Approach to Modeling Animal Movement Data. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4711. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004711
  • Tremblay, Y., Robinson P. W., & Costa D. P. (2010). A Parsimonious Approach to Modeling Animal Movement Data. (Godley B., Ed.).PLoS ONE. 4(3), e4711.
  • Weber, D., B. Stewart, J. Garza, N. Lehman. 2000. An empirical genetic assessment of the severity of the northern elephant seal population bottleneck. Current Biology, 10: 1287-1290.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wynne, K. y Schwartz, M. 1999. Guide to Marine Mammals and Turtles of the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of México. Rhode Island Sea Grant. U.S.A.

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