Data about <i>Mirounga leonina</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Mirounga leonina</i>
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude max
Additional detail -0.315 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail -77.4 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -180 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 179.99 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Mirounga leonina</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 3.67 m adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 114.13 kg weanling PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 1,600.0 kg adult PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 39.39 kg newborn animal PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 1,400.0 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 124.5 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 42.5 kg neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Mirounga leonina</i>
Habitat
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail beach
  • Beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail biome
  • Biome
    A major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and other organisms. Biomes are defined based on factors such as plant structures (such as trees, shrubs, and grasses), leaf types (such as broadleaf and needleleaf), plant spacing (forest, woodland, savanna), and other factors like climate. Unlike ecozones, biomes are not defined by genetic, taxonomic, or historical similarities. Biomes are often identified with particular patterns of ecological succession and climax vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000428
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cobble
  • Cobble
    A rock or rock fragment with a particle size between 64 and 256 mm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002140
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail continental shelf
  • Continental shelf
    The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail continental slope
  • Continental slope
    The seabed below the end of the continental shelf (the shelf break). The continental slope is much steeper than the shelf; the average angle is 3, but it can be as low as 1 or as high as 10. The slope is often cut with submarine canyons.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000273
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ice sheet
  • Ice sheet
    A mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000132
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail intertidal zone
  • Intertidal zone
    The area of the foreshore and seabed that is exposed to the air at low tide and submerged at high tide, i.e., the area between tide marks.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000316
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mud
  • Mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oceanic island
  • Oceanic island
    An island that does not sit on a continental shelf, and is of volcanic origin.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000222
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pelagic zone Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea ice Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrace
  • Terrace
    A step-like feature between higher and lower ground: a relatively flat or gently inclined shelf of earth, backed and fronted by steep slopes or manmade detaining walls.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000508
Environments - EOL project  
Trophic level
Additional detail Carnivore
  • Carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Lepidophthirus macrorhini GloBI  
Additional detail Molluscs GloBI  
Additional detail Toothed Whales GloBI  
  • Preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
Preys upon
Additional detail Antarctic Icefish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Neosquid GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Silverfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Toothfish GloBI  
Additional detail Blackfin Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Blunt Scalyhead GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Chionodraco GloBI  
Additional detail Cod Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Colossal Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Galiteuthis glacialis GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gonate Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Greater Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Kondakovia GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Sevenstar Flying Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Sharp-spined Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Striped Rockcod GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Antarctic Coastal Krill GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Flying Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Flying Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Neosquid GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Neosquid GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Neosquid GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Neosquid GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Silverfish GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctomysis maxima GloBI  
Additional detail Blackfin Notothen GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Brachioteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Brachioteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Brachioteuthis linkovskyi GloBI  
Additional detail Carlsberg's Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Cheirimedon fougneri GloBI  
Additional detail Chionodraco GloBI  
Additional detail Chiroteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Cod Icefishes GloBI  
Additional detail Coffeebean Scaled Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Colossal Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Cranch Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Decapod Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Euphausiidae GloBI  
Additional detail Galiteuthis glacialis GloBI  
Additional detail Galiteuthis glacialis GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Glacial Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gonate Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gonate Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Gonate Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Greater Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Greater Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Rockcod GloBI  
Additional detail Histioteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Hooked Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Humped Rockcod GloBI  
Additional detail Invertebrata GloBI  
Additional detail Jewel Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Jewel Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Jewel Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Liocranchia GloBI  
Additional detail Liocranchia GloBI  
Additional detail Long-armed Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Mastigoteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Mastigoteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Molluscs GloBI  
Additional detail Mysid Shrimps GloBI  
Additional detail Nematodes GloBI  
Additional detail Nichols&#39;s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Nichols&#39;s Lanternfish GloBI  
Additional detail Oceanic Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Octopus GloBI  
Additional detail Pagetopsis GloBI  
Additional detail Pareledone GloBI  
Additional detail Patagonian Toothfish, Chilean Sea Bass GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Squirts GloBI  
Additional detail Sevenstar Flying Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Sevenstar Flying Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Slosarczykovia circumantarctica GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Ningaui GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Ningaui GloBI  
Additional detail Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Stoloteuthis GloBI  
Additional detail Stones GloBI  
Additional detail Taonius GloBI  
Additional detail Themisto gaudichaudii GloBI  
Additional detail Turquet's Octopus GloBI  
Additional detail Unidentified GloBI  
  • Has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
Has parasite
Additional detail Anisakis pegreffii GloBI  
Additional detail Baylisiella tecta GloBI  
Additional detail Contracaecum osculatum GloBI  
Additional detail Contracaecum radiatum GloBI  
Additional detail Heteronybelinia australis GloBI  
Additional detail Lepidophthirus macrorhini GloBI  
Additional detail Terranova GloBI  
Additional detail Uncinaria GloBI  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 2 PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Crustaceans GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Elephant Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Elephant Seal GloBI  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 2 PanTHERIA  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 1.71 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 30.65 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature min
Additional detail -1.73 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 13.9 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 1.78 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 78.87 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.28 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.13 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 5.96 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.25 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 102.29 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 85.99 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Antarctic Skua GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Toothed Whales GloBI  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 33.56 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 34.91 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Mirounga leonina</i>
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 1 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
  • Nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
PanTHERIA  
Age at first birth average
Additional detail 4.0 years female PanTHERIA  
Dispersal age average
Additional detail 23.99 days PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 243.33 days PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval average
Additional detail 1.0 years female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 1.0 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Litters per year
Additional detail 1 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
median Additional detail 1.1 PanTHERIA  
Total life span max
Additional detail 23.0 years PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 2.9 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 4.4 years PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 5.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Terrestriality
Additional detail fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • Fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
Weaning age
Additional detail 21 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 22.93 days PanTHERIA  
Growth rate
Additional detail 0.0008 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 220 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Mirounga leonina</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 2.59 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Mirounga leonina</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Unknown IUCN  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Mirounga leonina</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

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