The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • "Offshore/Inshore Fisheries Development" (On-line). Accessed October 5, 1999 at http://www.ifmt.nf.ca/mi-net/fishdeve/grseal.htm.
  • "Seal Conservation Society" (On-line). Accessed October 5, 1999 at http://www.greenchannel.com/tec/species/grey.htm.
  • * Anderson, R.C. 2000. "Nematode parasites of vertebrates: their development and transmission", CAB International, 672 pages ISBN: 0851994210
  • * Encyclopedia of Earth. Authors; Encyclopedia of Life; Peter Saundry. 2011. "Grey seal". Topic ed. C.Michael Hogan. Ed.-in-Chief. Cutler J.Cleveland http://www.eoearth.org/article/Grey_seal .
  • 1. IUCN Red List (November, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Sea Mammal Research Unit. (2007) Scientific Advice on Matters Related to the Management of Seal Populations. University of St Andrews, Scotland. Available at http://smub.st-and.ac.uk/CurrentResearch.htm/SCOS2007/SCOS_2007_FINAL_ADVICE_1.pdfhttp://smub.st-and.ac.uk/CurrentResearch.htm/SCOS2007/SCOS_2007_FINAL_ADVICE_1.pdf External link.
  • 3. Seal Conservation Society (January, 2002) http://www.pinnipeds.org/species/grey.htmhttp://www.pinnipeds.org/species/grey.htm External link.
  • 4. Mammal Society fact sheet. (January, 2002) http://www.abdn.ac.uk/mammal/grey_seal.shtmlhttp://www.abdn.ac.uk/mammal/grey_seal.shtml External link.
  • 5. Office of Public Sector Information (January, 2008) http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si1994/Uksi_19942716_en_9.htm#sdiv3http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si1994/Uksi_19942716_en_9.htm#sdiv3 External link.
  • 6. King, J.E. (1983) Seals of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 7. Morris, P. (2002) Pers. Comm.
  • 8. Gotch, A.F. (1979) Mammals, their Latin Names Explained. Blandford Press Ltd, Dorset.
  • 9. Westcott, S. (1996) The Grey Seals of the West Country. Stephen Westcott and Cornwall Wildlife Trust, Truro.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Bensettiti, F. & Gaudillat, V. 2004. Cahiers d'habitats Natura 2000. Connaissance et gestion des habitats et des espèces d'intérêt communautaire. Tome 7. Espèces animales. La Documentation française. 353 pp.
  • Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2014). Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137080
  • Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. 1998. Towards comprehensive phylogenies: examples within the Carnivora (Mammalia). Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Costa DP, Robinson PW, Arnould JPY, Harrison A-L, Simmons SE, et al. 2010. Accuracy of ARGOS Locations of Pinnipeds at-Sea Estimated Using Fastloc GPS. PLoS ONE 5(1): e8677. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008677
  • David Macdonald (1985) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Facts on File: New York.
  • Duck, C., (2002). Pup production in the British Grey seal population. http://smub.st-and.ac.uk/CurrentResearch.htm/scos.htm, 2003-10-07 00:00:00   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=3435 External link.
  • Freedman, B. 1999. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Goode, George Brown. 1884. Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States: Section I, Natural History of Useful Aquatic Animals, Plates. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office; Plate 21
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hewer, H. 1974. British Seals. London: Collins.
  • Hickling, G. 1962. Grey Seals and the Farne Islands. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2680 External link.
  • INPN 2003-2014. Fiche descriptive de : Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791), Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Service du Patrimoine naturel. http://inpn.mnhn.fr/espece/cd_nom/60776/tab/fiche.
  • JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid,   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • Jefferson, T.A., Leatherwood, S. & Webber, M.A., (1994). FAO species identification guide. Marine mammals of the world. Rome: United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2703 External link.
  • King, J. 1983. Seals of the World. Ithaca, New York: Comstock Publishing Associates.
  • Kinze, C. C., (2002). Photographic Guide to the Marine Mammals of the North Atlantic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2703 External link.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • MARAN Vincent, ZIEMSKI Frédéric, in : DORIS, 21/4/2013 : Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791), http://doris.ffessm.fr
  • NBN (National Biodiversity Network), (2002). National Biodiversity Network gateway. http://www.searchnbn.net, 2008-10-31 00:00:00   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Original description: Fabricius, 1791.  Skrivter Naturhist.  Selskabet Copenhagen, 1(2):167.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4. ix + 231
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Riedman, M. 1990. The Pinnipeds: Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses. Oxford: University of California Press.
  • Ronald Nowak (2003) Walker's Marine Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Sibly, R. M., D. Collett, D. E. L. Promislow, D. J. Peacock, and P. H. Harvey. 1997. Mortality rates of mammals. Journal of Zoology 243:1-12.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stienen, E.W.M.; Van Waeyenberge, J.; Kuijken, E. (2003). Zeezoogdieren in Belgisch mariene wateren [Marine mammals in Belgian marine waters]. Rapport Instituut voor Natuurbehoud, A.2003.152. Instituut voor Natuurbehoud: Brussel, Belgium. 15 pp.
  • Tremblay Y, Robinson PW, Costa DP. 2009. A Parsimonious Approach to Modeling Animal Movement Data. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4711. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004711
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Zakharov, V., A. Yablokov. 1990. Skull Asymmetry in the Baltic Grey Seal: Effects of Environmental Pollution. Ambio, 19: 266-269.

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