The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
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  • BMLSS (British Marine Life Study Society), (2008). Sea Mammals: Seals Page. www.glaucus.org.uk/seals1.htm, 2008-03-13 00:00:00   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=3280 External link.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Bernhard Grzimek (1990) Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. McGraw-Hill: New York.
  • Berta, A., J. Sumich, K. Kovacs. 2006. Marine Mammals: Evolutionary Biology. San Diego, California: Academic Press.
  • Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2014). Odobenus rosmarus (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137077
  • Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. 1998. Towards comprehensive phylogenies: examples within the Carnivora (Mammalia). Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
  • Born, E., S. Rysgaard, G. Ehlme, M. Acquarone, N. Levermann. 2003. Underwater observations of foraging free-living Atlantic walruses (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) and estimates of their food consumption. Polar Biology, 26/5: 348-357.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Charrier, I., A. Burlet, T. Aubin. 2011. Social vocal communication in captive Pacific walruses Odobenus rosmarus divergens. Mammalian Biology, 76/5: 622-627.
  • Charrier, I., T. Aubin, N. Mathevon. 2010. Mother–calf vocal communication in Atlantic walrus: a first field experimental study. Animal Cognition, 13/3: 471-482.
  • Chivers, C. 2004. The Evolution of the Hunt. Wildlife Conservation, 107/6: 36-41.
  • Corbet, G.B. & Southern, H.N., (1977). The handbook of British Mammals. 2nd edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford & London.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=3280 External link.
  • Dehn, L., G. Sheffield, E. Follmann, L. Duffy, D. Thomas, T. O'Hara. 2007. Feeding ecology of phocid seals and some walrus in the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic as determined by stomach contents and stable isotope analysis. Polar Biology, 30/2: 167-181.
  • Dubey, J., J. Mergl, E. Gehring, N. Sundar, G. Velmurugan, O. Kwok, M. Grigg, C. Su, D. Martineau. 2009. Toxoplasmosis in captive dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and walrus (Odobenus rosmarus). Journal of Parasitology, 95: 82-85.
  • Evans, P.G.H. & Raga, J. A. (ed.), (2001). Marine mammals: biology and conservation New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=3280 External link.
  • Feldhamer, G., B. Thompson, J. Chapman. 2003. Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Fishbach, A., C. Jay, J. Jackson, L. Andersen, G. Sage, S. Talbot. 2008. Molecular method for determining sex of walruses. Journal of Wildlife Management, 72/8: 1808-1812.
  • Foy, Sally; Oxford Scientific Films. 1982. The Grand Design: Form and Colour in Animals. Lingfield, Surrey, U.K.: BLA Publishing Limited for J.M.Dent & Sons Ltd, Aldine House, London. 238 p.
  • Garcia, L. 1999. Practical Guide to Diagnostic Parasitology. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology.
  • Gruber et al. (2002) Atherosclerosis with multifocal myocardial infarction in a Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens Illiger). J Zoo Wildl Med, 33:139-144.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hewer, H.R. (1974). British Seals. London : Collins   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=3280 External link.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2680 External link.
  • Jay, C., B. Marcot, D. Douglas. 2011. Projected status of the Pacific walrus ( Odobenus rosmarus divergens) in the twenty-first century. Polar Biology, 34/7: 1065-1084.
  • Kastelein, R. 2008. Walrus. Pp. 1212 in W Perrin, B Würsig, J Thewissen, eds. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Second Edition Edition. New York, NY: Academic Press.
  • Kinze, C. C., (2002). Photographic Guide to the Marine Mammals of the North Atlantic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2703 External link.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.   http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=8 External link.
  • M. J. Dunbar, Arctic and subarctic marine ecology: immediate problems, Arctic 7:213-228, from p. 223 (1954).
  • Mukhametov, L., J. Siegel, O. Lyamin, J. Pryaslova. 2009. Behavioral sleep in the walrus. Behavioural Brain Research, 201/1: 80-87.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • NBN (National Biodiversity Network), (2002). National Biodiversity Network gateway. http://www.searchnbn.net, 2008-10-31 00:00:00   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • Nielsen, K., O. Nielsen, R. Stewart. 1996. Serologie evidence of Bruceila spp. exposure in Atlantic walruses (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) and ringed seals (Phoca hispida) of Arctic Canada. Arctic, 49/4: 383-386.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Nowak, R.M., (2003). Walker's Marine Mammals of the World. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=3126 External link.
  • Original description: Linnaeus, C., 1758.  Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. p. 38. Tenth Edition, Vol. 1. Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, 824 pp.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Reijnders, P., S. Brasseur, J. van der Toorn, P. van der Wolf, I. Boyd, J. Harwood, D. Lavigne, L. Lowry. 1993. Seals, Fur Seals, Sea Lions and Walrus. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4. ix + 231
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Shetland Sea Mammal Group (2008). Vagrant Seals in Shetland. www.nature-shetland.co.uk/seamammal/rareseals.htm, 2008-03-13 00:00:00   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=3280 External link.
  • Skoglund, E., C. Lydersen, O. Grahl-Nielsen, T. Haug, K. Kovacs. 2010. Fatty acid composition of the blubber and dermis of adult male Atlantic walruses (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) in Svalbard, and their potential prey. Marine Biology Research, 6/3: 239-250.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
  • Udevitz, M., C. Jay, A. Fischbach, J. Garlich-Miller. 2009. Modeling haul-out behavior of walruses in Bering Sea ice. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 87/12: 1111-1128.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • de Magalhaes, J., J. Costa. 2009. A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 22/8: 1770-1774.

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