The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (April, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. North Pacific Universities Marine Mammal Research Consortium (April, 2008) http://www.marinemammal.orghttp://www.marinemammal.org External link.
  • 11. Benson, A.J. and Trites, A.W. (2002) Ecological effects of regime shifts in the Bering Sea and eastern North Pacific Ocean. Fish and Fisheries, 3: 95 - 113. Available at http://www.marinemammal.org/pdfs/bensontrites2002.pdfhttp://www.marinemammal.org/pdfs/bensontrites2002.pdf External link.
  • 12. Trites, A.W. and Donnelly, C.P. (2003) The decline of Steller sea lions in Alaska: a review of the nutritional stress hypothesis. Mammal Review, 33: 3 - 28. Available at http://www.marinemammal.org/pdfs/TritesDonnelly2003.pdfhttp://www.marinemammal.org/pdfs/TritesDonnelly2003.pdf External link.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, U. S. Dept. Interior
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Winship, A.J., Trites, A.W. and Calkins, D.G. (2001) Growth in Body Size of the Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of Mammalogy, 82: 500 - 519. Available at http://www.marinemammal.org/pdfs/Growth_in_body_size_2001.pdfhttp://www.marinemammal.org/pdfs/Growth_in_body_size_2001.pdf External link.
  • 2001. website, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program-03/01
  • 3. Alaskan Department of Fish and Game (December, 2002) http://www.state.ak.us/local/akpages/FISH.GAME/notebook/marine/sealion.htmhttp://www.state.ak.us/local/akpages/FISH.GAME/notebook/marine/sealion.htm External link.
  • 4. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • 5. Daniel, R.G. (2003) The Timing of Moulting in Wild and Captive Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus). University of British Columbia, Canada. Available at http://www.marinemammal.org/pdfs/Daniel2003.pdfhttp://www.marinemammal.org/pdfs/Daniel2003.pdf External link.
  • 6. National Marine Mammal Laboratory (December, 2002) http://nmml.afsc.noaa.gov/AlaskaEcosystems/sslhome/stellerhome.htmlhttp://nmml.afsc.noaa.gov/AlaskaEcosystems/sslhome/stellerhome.html External link.
  • 7. Trites, A.W. (February, 2004) Pers. Comm.
  • 8. Seal Lion Caves (December, 2002) http://www.sealioncaves.com/http://www.sealioncaves.com/ External link.
  • 9. American Museum of Natural History (December, 2002) http://www.amnh.org/nationalcenter/Endangered/sealion/sealion.htmlhttp://www.amnh.org/nationalcenter/Endangered/sealion/sealion.html External link.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2014). Eumetopias jubatus (Schreber, 1776). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=254999
  • Bickham, J., J. Patton, T. Loughlin. 1996. High Variability for Control-Region Sequences in a Marine Mammal: Implications for Conservation and Biogeography of Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of Mammalogy, Volume 77/ Issue 1: 95-108.
  • Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. 1998. Towards comprehensive phylogenies: examples within the Carnivora (Mammalia). Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • Freedman, B. 1999. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Gelatt, T., L. Lowry. 2012. "Eumetopias jubatus" (On-line). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Accessed December 19, 2012 at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/8239/0.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Horning, M., J. Mellish. 2012. Predation on an Upper Trophic Marine Predator, the Steller Sea Lion: Evaluating High Juvenile Mortality in a Density Dependent Conceptual Framework. PloS One, Volume 7/ Issue 1: 1-10.
  • Kenyon, K., D. Rice. 1961. Abundance and Distribution of the Steller Sea Lion. Journal of Mammalogy, Volume 42/ Issue2: 223-234.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish (Online source)   http://www.demogr.mpg.de/longevityrecords External link.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • NOAA Fisheries, 2012. "Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus)" (On-line). NOAA Fisheries Office of Protected Resources. Accessed November 19, 2012 at http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/mammals/pinnipeds/stellersealion.htm.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Original description: "Schreber, J.C.D., 1776.  in Schreber's Die Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen, Wolfgang Walther, Erlangen, 7 volumes, 1774-1846; text, 3(17):300[1776]; 3(17):pl. 83.B[1776]."
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4. ix + 231
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Ronald Nowak (2003) Walker's Marine Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Sinclair, E., T. Zeppelin. 2002. Seasonal and Spatial Differences in Diet in the Western Stock of Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of Mammalogy, Volume 83/ Issue 4: 973-990.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204

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