Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail East North Pacific World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Gulf of Mexico World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail 21.99 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 48.2 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -129 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail -82.7 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 2.02 m adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 137.19 kg adult PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 20.2 kg weanling PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 6.35 kg newborn animal PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 180.0 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 25.0 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 7.0 kg neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>
Habitat
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail agricultural feature Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail anthropogenic geographic feature
  • Anthropogenic geographic feature
    An anthropogenic geographic feature is a geographic feature resulting from the influence of human beings on nature.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000002
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquarium Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beach
  • Beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beach
  • Beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail carcass Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cliff Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cliff Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal water body
  • Coastal water body
    Coastal water is a marine water body bordering a coast.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000049
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail continental shelf
  • Continental shelf
    The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail harbor
  • Harbor
    A place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000463
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail hydroelectric dam
  • Hydroelectric dam
    A dam constructed for the purpose of generating electricity from the water stored behind it.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000468
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • Marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mount Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mouth
  • Mouth
    The exit or point of discharge of a stream into another stream, lake or sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000479
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oceanic zone
  • Oceanic zone
    The water mass of an ocean that is not above a continental shelf.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000207
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peak Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river mouth
  • River mouth
    The end of a stream where it enters a standing water body such as a lake, sea or ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000386
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail slope
  • Slope
    The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • Terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail zoological garden
  • Zoological garden
    A facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00010625
Environments - EOL project  
Trophic level
Additional detail Omnivore
  • Omnivore
    An animal that mainly eats all kinds of things, including plants and animals.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Omnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bull Shark GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Great White Shark GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Molluscs GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Anchovy GloBI  
Additional detail Pacific Jack Mackerel GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Otter GloBI  
Additional detail White Croaker GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Molluscs GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Anchovy GloBI  
Additional detail Pacific Jack Mackerel GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Otter GloBI  
Additional detail White Croaker GloBI  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 2 PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Bat Eagle Ray GloBI  
Additional detail Bull Shark GloBI  
Additional detail California Sea Lion GloBI  
Additional detail California Sea Lion GloBI  
Additional detail California Sheephead GloBI  
Additional detail Galapagos Heron GloBI  
Additional detail Great White Shark GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Lingcod GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Anchovy GloBI  
Additional detail Ocean Sunfish GloBI  
Additional detail Pacific Jack Mackerel GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Otter GloBI  
Additional detail White Croaker GloBI  
Additional detail White Weakfish GloBI  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 6 PanTHERIA  
Water depth max
Additional detail 139.2 m OBIS Environmental Information  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.038 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 26.17 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature max
Additional detail 26.13 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 8.62 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 1.44 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 34.42 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.33 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.16 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 2.41 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 6.58 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 105.46 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 35.49 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Bull Shark GloBI  
Additional detail Great White Shark GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 30.38 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 35.3 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 1.2 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 1.41 individuals PanTHERIA  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
  • Nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 349.99 days PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval average
Additional detail 1.5 years female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 2.0 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Litters per year
Additional detail 0.5 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
median Additional detail 0.89 PanTHERIA  
Total life span max
Additional detail 35.7 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 30.0 years PanTHERIA Comment_indicator
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 3.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 5.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 5.54 years PanTHERIA  
Terrestriality
Additional detail fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • Fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
Weaning age
Additional detail 315 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 319.01 days PanTHERIA  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 259 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 2.59 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.13 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>
  • Body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
Body temperature
Additional detail 38.1 degrees Celsius AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Increasing IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 0.5 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Zalophus californianus</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

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