The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. Banfield, A. W. F. 1974. The mammals of Canada. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. 438 p. [21084]
  • 10. Hall, E. Raymond; Kelson, Keith R. 1959. The mammals of North America, Volume II. New York: The Ronald Press Company. 79 p. [21460]
  • 11. Kelleyhouse, David G. 1979. Fire/wildlife relationships in Alaska. In: Hoefs, M.; Russell, D., eds. Wildlife and wildfire: Proceedings of workshop; 1979 November 27-28; Whitehorse, YT. Whitehorse, YT: Yukon Wildlife Branch: 1-36. [14071]
  • 13. Meehan, William R. 1974. The forest ecosystem of southeast Alaska: 4. Wildlife habitats. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-16. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 32 p. [13479]
  • 14. Melquist, Wayne E.; Hornocker, Maurice G. 1983. Ecology of river otters in west central Idaho. Wildlife Monographs. 83: 1-60. [19356]
  • 15. Route, William T.; Peterson, Rolf O. 1991. An incident of wolf, Canis lupus, predation on a river otter, Lutra canadensis, in Minnesota. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 105(4): 567-568. [19821]
  • 16. Spowart, Richard A.; Samson, Fred B. 1986. Carnivores. In: Cooperrider, Allan Y.; Boyd, Raymond J.; Stuart, Hanson R., eds. Inventory and monitoring of wildlife habitat. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Service Center: 475-496. [13526]
  • 17. Tango, Peter J.; Michael, Edwin D.; Cromer, Jack I. 1991. Mating and first-season births in interstate transplanted river otters, Lutra canadensis (Carnivora: Mustelidae). Brimleyana. 17: 53-55. [20686]
  • 19. Waller, Amy Johnston. 1992. Seasonal habitat use of river otters in northwestern Montana. Missoula, MT: University of Montana. 75 p. Thesis. [20659]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 20. Wright, Henry A.; Bailey, Arthur W. 1982. Fire ecology: United States and southern Canada. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 501 p. [2620]
  • 3. Chabreck, Robert H. 1971. Ponds and lakes of the Louisiana coastal marshes and their value to fish and wildlife. Proceedings, 25th Annual Conference of Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners: 206-215. [14961]
  • 4. Chapman, Joseph A.; Feldhamer, George A., eds. 1982. Wild mammals of North America. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. 1147 p. [21085]
  • 5. Davis, Harry G.; Aulerich, Richard J.; Bursian, Steven J.; [and others]
  • 6. Dronkert-Egnew, Ana E. 1991. River otter population status and habitat use in northwestern Montana. Missoula, MT: Univeristy of Montana. 112 p. Thesis. [20339]
  • 8. Finch, Deborah M. 1992. Threatened, endangered, and vulnerable species of terrestrial vertebrates in the Rocky Mountain Region. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-215. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 38 p. [18440]
  • Banfield, A.W.F. 1974. The mammals of Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada. 438 pp.Beckel, A.L. 1990. Foraging success rates of North American river otters, Lutra canadensis, hunting alone and hunting in pairs. Canadian Field-Naturalist.104(4):586-588.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Ben-David, M., R.T. Bowyer, and J.B. Faro. 1995. Niche separation by minkand river otters: coexistence in a marine environment. Oikos. 75:41-48.
  • Berta, A. (2014). Lontra canadensis Schreber, 1777. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=159017
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Chabreck, R.H. 1971. Ponds and lakes of the Louisiana coastal marshes andtheir value to fish and wildlife. Proceedings, 25th annual conference ofSoutheastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. pp. 206-215.
  • Chapman, J.A., and G.A. Feldhamer, eds. 1982. Wild mammals of NorthAmerica. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore MD. 1147 pp.
  • Davis, H.G., R.J. Aulerich, S.J. Bursian, et al. 1992. Feed consumption and foodtransit time in northern river otters (Lutra canadensis). Journal of Zoo andWildlife Medicine. 23(2): 241-244.
  • Dronkert-Egnew, A.E. 1991. River otter population status and habitat use innorthwestern Montana. University of Montana, Missoula, MT. 112 pp. Thesis
  • Duffy, D.C. 1995. Apparent river otter predation at an Aleutian tern colony.Colonial Waterbirds. 18(1):91-92.
  • Ehrhart, L. 1995. Mammals of Indian River marshes and maritime hammocks:status and threats. Bull. Mar. Sci. 57(1): 280-285.
  • Gittleman, J. L. 1982. The behavioural ecology of carnivores. University of Sussex.
  • Halbrook, R.S., J.H. Jenkins, P.B. Bush and N.D. Seabolt. 1994. Sublethalconcentrations of mercury in river otters: monitoring environmentalcontamination. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.27:306-310.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Humphrey, S.R. and T.L. Zinn. 1982. Seasonal habitat use by river otters andEverglades mink in Florida. Journal of Wildlife Management. 46(2): 375-381.
  • Jenkins, J.H. 1983. The status and management of the river otter (Lutracanadensis) in North America. Acta Zool. Fennica 174:233-235.
  • Kruuk, Hans. 1995. Wild Otters: Predation and Populations. Oxford University Press. 240 pgs.
  • Larivière, Serge, and Lyle R. Walton. 1998. Lontra canadensis. Mammalian Species, no. 587. 1-8
  • Macdonald, Dr. David. 1984. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Equinox (Oxford) Ltd. Pgs 125-129.
  • McCall, R. 1995. A novel foraging association between southern river ottersLutra longicaudis and great egrets Casmerodius albus. Bull B.O.C.116(3): 199-200.
  • Meehan, W.R. 1974. The forest ecosystem of southeast Alaska: 4. Wildlifehabitats. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific NorthwestForest and Range Experiment Station. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-16. Portland,OR. 32 pp.
  • Melquist, W.E. and M.G. Hornocker. 1983. Ecology of river otters in westcentral Idaho. Wildlife Monographs 83:1-60.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • NatureServe, 2008. "NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life version 7.0" (On-line). Accessed January 23, 2009 at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer.
  • Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. 2001. The river otter. Online wildlifepublication: www.ngpc.state.ne.us/wildlife/otters.html.
  • Newman, D.G., and C.R. Griffith. 1994. Wetland use by river otters in Massachusetts. Journal of Wildlife Management. 58(1):18-23.
  • North America Fur Auctions. 2001. Online Auction sales results, September 5and 6, 2001. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Online publication: www.nafa.ca/sales/results_sept2001.asp.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Nowak, Ronald M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, Vol II. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Pgs 1135-1137.
  • Original description: "Schreber, J.C.D., 1777.  in Schreber's Die Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen, Wolfgang Walther, Erlangen, 7 volumes, 1774-1846; 3(18):pl. 126.B[1776], text: 3(26):457, 588(index)[1777]."
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Promislow, D. E. L., and P. H. Harvey. 1990. Living Fast and Dying Young - a Comparative-Analysis of Life- History Variation among Mammals. Journal of Zoology 220:417-437.
  • Reid, D.G., T.E. Code, A.C. Reid, and S.M. Herrero. 1994a. Food habits of theriver otter in a boreal ecosystem. Canadian Journal of Zoology.72:1306-1313.
  • Reid, D.G., T.E. Code, A.C. Reid, and S.M. Herrero. 1994b. Spacing,movements and habitat selection of the river otter in boreal Alberta. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 72:1314-1324.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Rock, K.R., E.S. Rock, R.T. Bowyer and J.B. Faro. 1994. Degree ofassociation and use of a helper by coastal river otters, Lutra canadensis, in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 08(3):367-369.
  • Ronald Nowak (2003) Walker's Marine Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Serfass, T.L. 1995. Cooperative foraging by north American river otters, Lutracanadensis. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. 109: 458-459.
  • Shirley, M.G., R.G. Linscombe, N.W. Kinler, et al. 1988. Population estimatesof river otters in a Louisiana coastal marshland. Journal of WildlifeManagement. 52(3):512-515.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • St.-Georges, M., S. Nadeau, D. Lambert and R. Decarie. 1995. Winter habitatuse by ptarmigan, snowshoe hares, red foxes, and river otters in the borealforest - tundra transition zone of western Quebec. Canadian Journal ofZoology. 73:755-764.
  • Stenson, G.B., G.A. Badgero, and H.D. Fisher. 1984. Food habits of the riverotter Lutra canadensis in the marine environment of British Columbia.Canadian Journal of Zoology. 62:88-91.
  • Stoskopf, M.K., L.H. Spelman, P.W. Sumner, et al. 1997. The impact of watertemperature on core body temperature of north American river otters (Lutracanadensis) during simulated oil spill recovery washing protocols. Journal ofZoo and Wildlife Medicine. 28(4):407-412.
  • Tumlison, R. and M. Karnes. 1987. Seasonal changes in food habits of riverotters in southwestern Arkansas beaver swamps. Mammalia. 51(2):225-231.
  • Ulrich, Tom J. 1990. Mammals of the Northern Rockies. Mountain Press Publishing Company. Pg. 68.
  • Waller, A.J. 1992. Seasonal habitat use of river otters in northwestern Montana.University of Montana, Missoula, MT. 75 pp. Thesis.
  • Wernert, Susan J [Editor]. 1982. Reader's Digest North American Wildlife. The Reader's Digest Association, Inc. pg. 61.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds. 1999. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals
  • Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds. 1999. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. xxv + 750
  • Wren, C.D. 1991. Cause-effect linkages between chemicals and populations ofmink (Mustela vison) and otter (Lutra canadensis) in the Great Lakes Basin.Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. 33:549-585.
  • Wren, C.D. and K.L. Fischer. 1986. Mercury levels in Ontario mink and otterrelative to food levels and environmental acidification. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 64:2854-2859.

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