Glossary for Lontra canadensis

  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evapotranspiration&oldid=575637212
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
  • Age at eye opening
    Age at which both eyes are fully open after birth.
    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtEyeOpening
  • Age at first birth
    Age at which females give birth to their first litter, or their young attach to teats or hatch out
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtFirstBirth
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
  • Animal population density
    Number of animals in a population relative to space.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2383-1863
  • Bay
    An area of water bordered by land on three sides.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000032
  • Behavioral circadian rhythm
    Any measurable or observable behavioral characteristic related to a daily biological activity cycle.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001502
  • Body length (VT)
    The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the body of an organism.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001256
  • Body mass
    The amount of matter in the body of an organism.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001259
  • Body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
  • Carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
  • Clutch/brood/litter size
    Single birth offspring quantity. The proportion or number of offspring produced from a single pregnancy (mammals) or ovulation (fish) or nesting (birds).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001933
  • Cm
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000015
  • Coastal water
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002150
  • Contaminated water
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002186
  • Days
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000033
  • Decimal degrees
    Decimal degrees (DD) express latitude and longitude geographic coordinates as decimal fractions. The values are bounded by ±90° and ±180° respectively. Positive latitudes are north of the equator, negative latitudes are south of the equator. Positive longitudes are east of Prime Meridian, negative longitudes are west of the Prime Meridian. (Wikipedia)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/decimaldegrees
  • Degrees
    A plane angle unit which is equal to 1/360 of a full rotation or 1.7453310^[-2] rad.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000185
  • Degrees Celsius
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000027
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
  • Diet breadth
    Number of dietary categories eaten by an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DietBreadth
  • Dispersal age
    Age at which young permanently leave the parent, parental group, social group or any associated territories.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DispersalAge
  • Estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
  • Feeds on
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predator
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eats
  • Fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
  • Fresh water
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002011
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
  • Freshwater marsh
    A marsh associated with water that contains low concentrations of salts.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000053
  • G
    Grams. A mass unit which is equal to one thousandth of a kilogram or 10^[-3] kg.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000021
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
  • Geographic range (area)
    The total extent of the geographic range of an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GeographicRangeArea
  • Gestation period duration
    The length of time between when a fertilized egg implants in the wall of the uterus and the birth of offspring.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002292
  • Grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
  • Grassland biome
    A grassland biome is a terrestrial biome which includes, across its entire spatial extent, an unbroken layer of grasses (Gramineae), sedges (Cyperaceae) or rushes (Juncaceae).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000177
  • Gravel
    Gravel is an environmental material which is composed of pieces of rock that are at least two millimeters (2mm) in its largest dimension and no more than 75 millimeters.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000018
  • Habitat
    A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
  • Habitat
    The natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds (influences and is utilized by) a species population.
    Habitat. (2013, August 9). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:01, August 14, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Habitat&oldid=567783959
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Habitat
  • Habitat breadth
    Number of habitat layers used by an organism
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HabitatBreadth
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predation
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
  • Home range
    The area within which everyday activities of an animal are typically restricted
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Home_range
  • Human population density
    The human population density within the geographic range of a taxon.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensity
  • Human population density change
    Rate of increase in human population density within the geographic range of a species.
    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensityChange
  • Individuals
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/numberofindividuals
  • Individuals per square kilometer
    A unit of population density.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/individualspersquarekilometer
  • Inter-birth interval
    The length of time between successive births of a female.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InterBirthInterval
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
  • Isthmus
    Narrow section of land in a body of water connecting two larger land areas.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000174
  • Iucn red list category
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/RedListCategory
  • Kg
    Kilograms. A mass unit which is equal to the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram kept by the BIPM at Svres, France.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000009
  • Km^2
    Square kilometre, symbol km^2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km^2 is equal to: 1,000,000 m^2, 100 ha (hectare) (Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Square_kilometre&oldid=566625931)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/squarekilometer
  • Lagoon
    A sheet of saline water separated from the open sea by sand or shingle banks. The sheet of water between an offshore reef, especially of coral and mainland. The sheet of water within a ring or horseshoe shaped atoll.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000038
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
  • Latitude
    Latitude is a geographic coordinate which refers to the angle from a point on the Earth's surface to the equatorial plane
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000319
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
  • Litters per year
    Number of litters per female per year
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/LittersPerYear
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
  • Millimeters per month
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/millimeterspermonth
  • Mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
  • Native range includes
    Lists jurisdictions in which a given organism is a member of the undisturbed fauna or flora.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeRange
  • Nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
  • Not invasive in
    Information about the jurisdictions where the taxon is considered to be an invasive organism due to its negative impact on human welfare or ecosystems.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NonInvasiveRange
  • Onset of fertility
    The age at which an organism develops the ability to produce live offspring.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002683
  • Per year
    A frequency rate of occurrences of something within a period of time equal to three hundred sixty-five days.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C74924
  • Pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
  • Population trend
    http://iucn.org/population_trend
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evapotranspiration&oldid=575637212
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
  • Precipitation in geographic range
    Monthly precipitation within the geographic range of a taxon.
    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationInRange
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
  • River bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
  • Saline marsh
    A marsh whose water contains a considerable quantity of dissolved salts.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000054
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
  • Teat number
    The number of teats, protuberances on the mammary glands, breasts or udders of female mammals through which milk is excreted.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000445
  • Temperate
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000206
  • Temperature in geographic range
    Monthly temperature within the geographic range of a taxon.
    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureInRange
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
  • Terrestriality
    Degree of terrestriality of an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Terrestriality
  • Total life span
    The full period of time from birth to death of an organism.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001661
  • Trophic level
    The position an organism occupies in a food chain.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicLevel
  • Tunnel
    An underground or underwater passage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000068
  • Valley
    A depression caused by erosion by water or ice. Low-lying land bordered by higher ground; especially elongate, relatively large gently sloping depressions of the Earth's surface, commonly situated between two mountains or between ranges of hills or mountains, and often containing a stream with an outlet.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000100
  • Watershed
    The separation between neighbouring drainage basins (catchments). In hilly country, the divide lies along topographical peaks and ridges, but in flat country or on a high plateau (especially where the ground is marshy) the divide may be invisible - just a more or less notional line on the ground on either side of which falling raindrops will start a journey to different rivers, and even to different sides of a country or continent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000292
  • Weaning age
    Age when primary nutritional dependency on the mother ends and independent foraging begins to make a major contribution to the offspring’s energy requirements.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WeaningAge
  • Weight
    A physical quality inhering in a bearer that has mass near a gravitational body.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000128
  • Woodland
    Land having a cover of trees, shrubs, or both.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000109
  • Years
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000036

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