The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • * Encyclopedia of Earth. Author: Encyclopedia of Life. "Bowhead whale". Topic editor: C.Michael Hogan. Ed.-in-chief Cutler J.Cleveland. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC http://www.eoearth.org/article/Bowhead_Whale
  • * K.J.Finley. 1990. Isabella Bay, Baffin Island: an important historical and present-day concentration area for the endangered bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) of the eastern Canadian arctic. Arctic 43(2): 137-152.
  • * K.J.Finley. 2000. Natural history and conservation of the Greenland whale, or Bowhead whale, in the Northwest Atlantic. Arctic 54: 55-76.
  • * S.E.Cosens. 2004. Baffin Bay-Davis Strait and Hudson Bay-Foxe Basin Bowheads: Update on Research 2003/04. International Whaling Commission Scientific Committee.
  • 1. IUCN Red List (November, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 2001. website, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program
  • 3. WDCS. (2002) Pers. Comm.
  • 4. CITES (March, 2008) http://www.cites.orghttp://www.cites.org External link.
  • 5. CMS (March, 2008) http://www.cms.inthttp://www.cms.int External link.
  • 6. UNEP-WCMC (March, 2008) http://www.unep-wcmc.org/species/data/species_sheets/bowhead.htmhttp://www.unep-wcmc.org/species/data/species_sheets/bowhead.htm External link.
  • 7. Animal Diversity Web (August, 2002) http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/balaena/b._mysticetus$narrative.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/balaena/b._mysticetus$narrative.html External link.
  • 8. Carwardine, M., Hoyt, E., Fordyce, R.E. and and Gill, P. (1998) Whales and Dolphins. Harper Collins, London.
  • 9. International Whaling Commission (August, 2002) http://www.iwcoffice.orghttp://www.iwcoffice.org External link.
  • Angliss, R. P., R. C. Hobbs, and D. P. Demaster. 1995. Determination of the sample size necessary to detect changes in length frequency distributions from a recovering population of bowhead whales. Report of the International Whaling Commission 45:331-334.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Carroll, G. M., J. C. George, L. F. Lowry, and K. O. Coyle. 1987. Bowhead Whale Balaena mysticetus Feeding near Point Barrow Alaska USA During the 1985 Spring Migration. Arctic 40:105-110.
  • Clark, C., W. Ellison. 2000. BIOACOUSTICS (80)- Calibration and Comparison of the Acoustic Location Methods Used During the Spring Migration of the Bowhead Whale, Balaena mysticetus, off Pt. Barrow, Alaska, 1984-1993. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 107(6): 3509.
  • Cook, John A. 1926. Pursuing the Whale : a Quarter-Century of Whaling in the Arctic. Boston, MA : Houghton Mifflin Company; Facing page 38
  • Emanoil, M. 1994. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Forsyth, A. 1999. Mammals of North America: temperate and arctic regions. Firefly Books, Buffalo.
  • Freedman, B. 1999. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • George et al. (1999) Age and growth estimates of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) via aspartic acid racemization. Can J Zool, 77:571–580.
  • George, J., J. Bada, J. Zeh, L. Scott, S. Brown. 1999. Age and Growth Estimates of Bowhead Whales (*Balaena mysticetus*) Via Aspartic Acid Racemization. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77: 571-580.
  • Goode, George Brown. 1884. Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States: Section I, Natural History of Useful Aquatic Animals, Plates. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office; Plate 7
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hershkovitz, Philip. 1966. Catalog of Living Whales. United States National Museum Bulletin 246
  • Hershkovitz, Philip. 1966. Catalog of Living Whales. United States National Museum Bulletin 246. viii + 259
  • IUCN (2008) Cetacean update of the 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  • Krutzikowsky, G., B. Mate. 2000. Dive and Surfacing Characteristics of Bowhead Whales (*Balaena mysticetus*) in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78: 1182-1198.
  • Lanier, K. 1998. Legends of the Sea. Christian Science Monitor, 90(199): 16.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.   http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=8 External link.
  • Mead, James G., and Robert L. Brownell, Jr. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Cetacea. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1
  • Mead, James G., and Robert L. Brownell, Jr. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Cetacea. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. 723-743
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Nicklen, P. 2000. Into the Sea With Giants.. International Wildlife, 30(3): 48..
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed. Volume II. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press..
  • One Species at a Time is brought to you by the Encyclopedia of Life, hosted by Ari Daniel Shapiro and produced by Atlantic Public Media.
  • Original description: Linnaeus, C., 1758.  Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tenth Edition.  Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm, 1:75, 824 pp.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Perrin, W. (2014). Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137086
  • Raloof, J. 2000. Cetacean Seniors: Whales That Give New Meaning to Longevity. Science News, 158(26/27): 422.
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4. ix + 231
  • Shelden, K., D. Rugh. 1995. The Bowhead Whale, Balaena mysticetus: Its Historic and Current Status. Marine Fisheries Review, 57 (3/4): 1-20.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stover, D. 2001. Science and Technology: The Wisest Whale of the Sea. Popular Science, 258(4): 23.
  • True, Frederick W. 1885. Suggestions to the keepers of the U. S. Lifesaving stations, light-houses, and light-ships, and to other observers, relative to the best means of collecting and preserving specimens of whales and porpoises. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Report of the Commissioner (United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries), 1883; Plate XI-32
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
  • Wilcox, William A. 1895. Fisheries of the Pacific coast. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Report of the Commissioner (United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries), 1892/1893; Plate 8a
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds. 1999. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals
  • Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds. 1999. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. xxv + 750

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