Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Paleobiology Database

Name Relationship
Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Balaena physalus Linnaeus, 1758 Valid
Benedenia knoxii Gray, 1864 Heterotypic synonym
Balaenoptera gibbar Lacepede 1804
Balaenoptera rorqual Lacepede 1804
Balaenoptera antiquorum Gray 1846
Balaenoptera brasiliensis Gray, 1846
Physalus brasiliensis (Gray 1846)
Physalus duguidii Gray 1864
Physalus fasciatus Gray, 1850
Physalus patachonicus Burmeister, 1866
Swinhoia chinensis Gray, 1868
Physalus antiquorum (Fischer 1829)
Balaena antiquorum Fischer, 1829
Balaenoptera patachonica Burmeister, 1865
Balaenoptera patachonicha (Burmeister 1865)
Balaenoptera velifera Scammon and Cope 1869
Balaenoptera physalus quoyi Fisher 1829
Balaenoptera quoyi (Fisher 1829)
Balaenoptera velifera copei Elliot, 1901
Balaenoptera copei (Elliot 1901)
Balaena sulcata arctica Schlegel 1841 Invalid
Balaenoptera arctica (Schlegel 1841)
Balaena sulcata Neill, 1811
Balaenoptera blythi Anderson 1879
Balaenoptera boops (Linnaeus 1758)
Balaena boops Linnaeus, 1758

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Balaenoptera physalus Preferred
Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) Authority

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Balaena physalus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonym

South African Vertebrates

Name Relationship
Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Balaena nordcaper (Lacépède, 1804)
Balaena physalus Linnaeus, 1758

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Balaena physalus Linnaeus, 1758 Original name/combination

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