Data about <i>Eschrichtius robustus</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Eschrichtius robustus</i>
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Arctic Ocean World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail European waters (ERMS scope) World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Gulf of Maine World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North Pacific World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail 24.62 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 60.59 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -173 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 158.55 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Eschrichtius robustus</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 11.83 m adult PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 4.43 m newborn animal PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 27,324.02 kg adult PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 500.0 kg newborn animal PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 28,500.0 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 500.0 kg neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Eschrichtius robustus</i>
Habitat
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail administrative region Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail agricultural feature Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail animal feed
  • Animal feed
    Animal feed is a biotic mesoscopic physical object consisting of any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. Most animal feed is from plants but some is of animal origin. Fodder refers particularly to food given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves. It includes hay, straw, silage, compressed and pelleted feeds, oils and mixed rations, and also sprouted grains and legumes.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000047
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail anthropogenic habitat
  • Anthropogenic habitat
    A habitat that is in or on an environmental feature or material derived from human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002031
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail archipelago
  • Archipelago
    A group of geographically or geologically associated islands.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000220
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail arid
  • Arid
    An arid condition is an environmental condition in which annual precipitation is less than half of annual potential evapotranspiration.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail biosphere reserve
  • Biosphere reserve
    An international conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000376
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail blowhole
  • Blowhole
    A hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000168
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail blowhole
  • Blowhole
    A hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000168
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail carcass Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal water body
  • Coastal water body
    Coastal water is a marine water body bordering a coast.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000049
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail continental shelf
  • Continental shelf
    The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail continental shelf
  • Continental shelf
    The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail dune Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • Farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail harbor
  • Harbor
    A place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000463
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail kelp forest Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lagoon
  • Lagoon
    A sheet of saline water separated from the open sea by sand or shingle banks. The sheet of water between an offshore reef, especially of coral and mainland. The sheet of water within a ring or horseshoe shaped atoll.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000038
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lagoon
  • Lagoon
    A sheet of saline water separated from the open sea by sand or shingle banks. The sheet of water between an offshore reef, especially of coral and mainland. The sheet of water within a ring or horseshoe shaped atoll.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000038
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail landlocked sea
  • Landlocked sea
    A sea that is not connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000219
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mangrove swamp
  • Mangrove swamp
    An swamp formed of trees and shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats in the tropics and subtropics.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000057
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • Marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mediterranean sea biome
  • Mediterranean sea biome
    The mediterranean sea biome comprises mostly enclosed seas that have limited exchange of deep water with outer oceans and where the water circulation is dominated by salinity and temperature differences rather than winds.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000047
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mouth
  • Mouth
    The exit or point of discharge of a stream into another stream, lake or sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000479
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mud
  • Mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mud
  • Mud
    A liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and some combination of soil, silt, and clay.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000001
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean floor Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oil spill
  • Oil spill
    The result of the unintentional release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment as a result of human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002061
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ridge Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea floor Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea ice Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sediment
  • Sediment
    Sediment is an environmental substance comprised of any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bedor bottom of a body of water or other liquid.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002007
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sediment
  • Sediment
    Sediment is an environmental substance comprised of any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bedor bottom of a body of water or other liquid.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002007
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sound
  • Sound
    A large sea or ocean inlet larger than a bay, deeper than a bight, wider than a fjord, or it may identify a narrow sea or ocean channel between two bodies of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000393
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail strait
  • Strait
    A narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000394
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail watercourse Environments - EOL project  
Trophic level
Additional detail Omnivore
  • Omnivore
    An animal that mainly eats all kinds of things, including plants and animals.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Omnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Amphipods GloBI  
Additional detail Cryptolepas rachianecti GloBI  
Additional detail Cyamus GloBI  
Additional detail Herring Worm GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Kittiwake GloBI  
Additional detail Lecithodesmus goliath GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Fulmar GloBI  
Additional detail Ogmogaster GloBI  
Additional detail Ogmogaster antarcticus GloBI  
Additional detail Pacific Herring GloBI  
Additional detail Palaemonetes GloBI  
Additional detail Red Phalarope GloBI  
Additional detail Spiny-headed Worms GloBI  
Additional detail Thick-billed Murre GloBI  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Pink Ghost Shrimp GloBI  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 3 PanTHERIA  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.081 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.58 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature max
Additional detail 21.31 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 3.01 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 1.44 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 22.45 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.33 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 1.09 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 5.07 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 7.73 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 104.08 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 99.57 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 30.38 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 34.23 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Eschrichtius robustus</i>
Clutch/brood/litter size average
Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 1 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
  • Nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 1.04 years PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval average
Additional detail 1.75 years female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 2.0 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Litters per year
Additional detail 0.5 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 0.5 female PanTHERIA  
Total life span max
Additional detail 77 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 77.0 years PanTHERIA  
Population group size average
Additional detail 16 individuals PanTHERIA  
  • Social group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
Social group size average
Additional detail 16 individuals PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 8.0 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 8.0 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 8.73 years PanTHERIA  
Weaning age
Additional detail 180 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 211.71 days PanTHERIA  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 1.08 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Eschrichtius robustus</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 2.59 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Eschrichtius robustus</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Stable IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 4.9 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Eschrichtius robustus</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

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