The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • . 1899. Report of the Cruise of the U. S. Revenue Cutter Bear and the Overland Expedition for the Relief of the Whalers in the Arctic Ocean from November 27, 1897 to September 13, 1898. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office; Facing page 91
  • 1. IUCN Red List (November, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society (WDCS) (March, 2003) http://www.wdcs.org/species_guide.phphttp://www.wdcs.org/species_guide.php External link.
  • 11. International Whaling Commission (June, 2008) http://www.iwcoffice.orghttp://www.iwcoffice.org External link.
  • 12. Alaska and Inuvialuit Beluga Whale Committee (March, 2003) http://www.state.ak.us/adfg/wildlife/mm/bh.htmhttp://www.state.ak.us/adfg/wildlife/mm/bh.htm External link.
  • 13. Angliss, R.P. and Lodge, K.L. (2003) Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas): Cook Inlet Stock. NOAA, US.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Carwardine, M. (1995) Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 3. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. CITES (March, 2003) http://www.cites.orghttp://www.cites.org External link.
  • 5. Convention on Migratory Species (June, 2008) http://www.cms.inthttp://www.cms.int External link.
  • 6. O'Corry-Crowe, G.M. (2002) Beluga whale. In: Perrin, W.F., Würsig, B. and Thewissen, J.G.M. Eds. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Academic Press, London.
  • 7. U.S. National Marine Mammal Laboratory (March, 2003) http://nmml.afsc.noaa.gov/education/cetaceans/beluga2.htmhttp://nmml.afsc.noaa.gov/education/cetaceans/beluga2.htm External link.
  • 8. MarineBio.org (June, 2008) http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=159http://marinebio.org/species.asp?id=159 External link.
  • 9. Reeves, R.R., Smith, B.D., Crespo, E.A. and di Sciara, G.N. (2003) Dolphins, Whales and Porpoises: 2002-2010 Conservation Action Plan for the World's Cetaceans. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Beland, P. 1996. The Beluga whales of the St. Lawrence River. Scientific American 274:74-81.
  • Bonner, W. 1989. Whales of the World. New York: Facts on File Publications.
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • David Macdonald (1985) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. Facts on File: New York.
  • Forsyth, A. 1999. Mammals of North America: temperate and arctic regions. Firefly Books, Buffalo.
  • Freedman, B. 1999. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Goode, George Brown. 1884. Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States: Section I, Natural History of Useful Aquatic Animals, Plates. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office; Plate 6
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • IUCN (2009). Species and Climate Change: More than just the Polar Bear.
  • IUCN (2008) Cetacean update of the 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  • Lentifer, J. 1988. Selected Marine Mammals of Alaska: Species Accounts with Research and Management Recomendations. Washington, D.C.: Marine Mammals Commission.
  • M. J. Dunbar, Arctic and subarctic marine ecology: immediate problems, Arctic 7:213-228, from p. 223 (1954).
  • Mead, James G., and Robert L. Brownell, Jr. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Cetacea. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1
  • Mead, James G., and Robert L. Brownell, Jr. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Order Cetacea. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1. 723-743
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Original description: Pallas, P.S., 1776.  Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs, p. 85. St. Petersbourg, viii, Pt. 2, nxxvi.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • P. Hershkovitz. 1966. Catalog of Living Whales. United States National Museum Bulletin 246:1-259
  • Paine, S. 1995. The World of the Arctic Whales. San Francisco: Sierra Club.
  • Pallas, P.S. (1776). Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Vol. 3 [Dritter Theil, Buch 1 & 2]. Kayserliche Academie der Wissenschaften, St. Petersburg. 760 p. + Register.
  • Perrin, W. (2013). Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776). In: Perrin, W.F. (2013) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137115
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4
  • Rice, Dale W. 1998. Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution. Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4. ix + 231
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Stewart, Barbara E., and Robert E. A. Stewart. 1989. Delphinapterus leucas. Mammalian Species, no. 336
  • Stewart, Barbara E., and Robert E. A. Stewart. 1989. Delphinapterus leucas. Mammalian Species, no. 336. 1-8
  • True, Frederick W. 1885. Suggestions to the keepers of the U. S. Lifesaving stations, light-houses, and light-ships, and to other observers, relative to the best means of collecting and preserving specimens of whales and porpoises. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Report of the Commissioner (United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries), 1883; Plate Vi14
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds. 1999. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals
  • Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds. 1999. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. xxv + 750

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