Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Antarctica World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Azores Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Belgian Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Comores World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail European waters (ERMS scope) World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Gulf of Maine World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Gulf of Mexico World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Gulf of St. Lawrence World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Kenya World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Madagascar World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Mauritius World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Mediterranean Sea World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Mozambique World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Reunion World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Seychelles World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Seychelles World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Somalia World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail St. Lawrence Estuary World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Subantarctic Waters World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Tanzania World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail World Oceans World Register of Marine Species  
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
Latitude min
Additional detail -77.3 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 73.63 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
Longitude min
Additional detail -174 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 179.33 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 2.37 m newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 8.65 m adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 158.75 kg newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 5,628.76 kg adult PanTHERIA  
Weight
Additional detail 180.0 kg neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 3,987.5 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>
Habitat
Additional detail administrative region Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquarium Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquarium Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail aquatic habitat Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beach
  • Beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail beach
  • Beach
    A landform consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, cobble, or even shell fragments along the shoreline of a body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000091
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail carcass Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail carcass Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal water body
  • Coastal water body
    Coastal water is a marine water body bordering a coast.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000049
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail estuarine biome
  • Estuarine biome
    Expressions of the estuarine biome occur at wide lower courses of a rivers where they flow into a sea. Estuaries experience tidal flows and their water is a changing mixture of fresh and salt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • Farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fjord
  • Fjord
    A long and narrow sea inlet with high steeply sloped walled sides. A fjord is a landform created during a period of glaciation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000039
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail garden
  • Garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail harbor
  • Harbor
    A place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000463
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ice sheet
  • Ice sheet
    A mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000132
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail iceberg
  • Iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail iceberg
  • Iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • Island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • Marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail mediterranean sea biome
  • Mediterranean sea biome
    The mediterranean sea biome comprises mostly enclosed seas that have limited exchange of deep water with outer oceans and where the water circulation is dominated by salinity and temperature differences rather than winds.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000047
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ocean
  • Ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oceanic zone
  • Oceanic zone
    The water mass of an ocean that is not above a continental shelf.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000207
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oil spill
  • Oil spill
    The result of the unintentional release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment as a result of human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002061
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oil spill
  • Oil spill
    The result of the unintentional release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment as a result of human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002061
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pelagic zone Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peninsula
  • Peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ridge Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river mouth
  • River mouth
    The end of a stream where it enters a standing water body such as a lake, sea or ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000386
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • Sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea ice Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • Shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • Shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sound
  • Sound
    A large sea or ocean inlet larger than a bay, deeper than a bight, wider than a fjord, or it may identify a narrow sea or ocean channel between two bodies of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000393
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail strait
  • Strait
    A narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000394
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail strait
  • Strait
    A narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000394
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • Terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail trough
  • Trough
    A linear structural depression that extends laterally over a distance, while being less steep than a trench. A trough can be a narrow basin or a geologic rift. There are various oceanic troughs, troughs found under oceans; examples include the rift along the mid-oceanic ridge and the Cayman Trough.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000499
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail volcano
  • Volcano
    An opening, or rupture, in the Earth's surface or crust, which allows hot, molten rock, ash and gases to escape from deep below the surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000247
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail waste Environments - EOL project  
Trophic level
Additional detail Carnivore
  • Carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail Arctic Cod GloBI  
Additional detail Bowhead Whale GloBI  
Additional detail California Sea Lion GloBI  
Additional detail Chinook Salmon GloBI  
Additional detail European Beaked Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Fasciola GloBI  
Additional detail Fasciola GloBI  
Additional detail Harbor Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Harp Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Hourglass Dolphin GloBI  
Additional detail Juan Fernandez Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail North Atlantic Right Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Elephant Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Ringed Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Otter GloBI  
Additional detail South American Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Strap-toothed Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Toxoplasmosis GloBI  
Additional detail Trigonocotyle GloBI  
Additional detail Vertebrates GloBI  
  • Preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
Preys upon
Additional detail Adélie Penguin GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Petrel GloBI  
Additional detail Antarctic Toothfish GloBI  
Additional detail Blue Petrel GloBI  
Additional detail Bony Fishes GloBI  
Additional detail Cephalopods GloBI  
Additional detail Crabeater Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Lanternfishes GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Minke Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Ross Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Elephant Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Weddell Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises GloBI  
Feeds on
Additional detail Arctic Cod GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Herring GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga GloBI  
Additional detail Boreoatlantic Gonate Squid GloBI  
Additional detail Bowhead Whale GloBI  
Additional detail California Sea Lion GloBI  
Additional detail Chinook Salmon GloBI  
Additional detail Chinstrap Penguin GloBI  
Additional detail Coalfish GloBI  
Additional detail Cod GloBI  
Additional detail Common Dab GloBI  
Additional detail Crabeater Seal GloBI  
Additional detail European Beaked Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Gentoo Penguin GloBI  
Additional detail Harbor Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Harp Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Hourglass Dolphin GloBI  
Additional detail Juan Fernandez Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Leopard Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Little Auk GloBI  
Additional detail Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail North Atlantic Right Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Elephant Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Fulmar GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Plaice GloBI  
Additional detail Ringed Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Otter GloBI  
Additional detail South American Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Strap-toothed Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Subantarctic Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Vertebrates GloBI  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail Adélie Penguin GloBI  
Additional detail Arctic Cod GloBI  
Additional detail Arnoux's Beaked Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Bluefin Tuna GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Herring GloBI  
Additional detail Atlantic Hump-backed Dolphin GloBI  
Additional detail Bearded Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga GloBI  
Additional detail Bluntnose Six-gill Shark GloBI  
Additional detail Bowhead Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Broadnose Sevengill Shark GloBI  
Additional detail California Sea Lion GloBI  
Additional detail Chinook Salmon GloBI  
Additional detail Common Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Crabeater Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Dugong GloBI  
Additional detail Dwarf Sperm Whale GloBI  
Additional detail European Beaked Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Galápagos Sea Lion GloBI  
Additional detail Gray Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Grey Reef Shark GloBI  
Additional detail Harp Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Hooded Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Hourglass Dolphin GloBI  
Additional detail Humboldt Penguin GloBI  
Additional detail Humpback Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Indo-pacific Humpbacked Dolphin GloBI  
Additional detail Juan Fernandez Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Killer Whale GloBI  
Additional detail King Penguin GloBI  
Additional detail Leatherback Sea Turtle GloBI  
Additional detail Little Penguin GloBI  
Additional detail Magellanic Penguin GloBI  
Additional detail Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail North Atlantic Right Whale GloBI  
Additional detail North Pacific Right Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Elephant Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Northern Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Ordinary Minke Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Ringed Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Sea Otter GloBI  
Additional detail South American Fur Seal GloBI  
Additional detail South American Sea Lion GloBI  
Additional detail Spectacled Porpoise GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Strap-toothed Whale GloBI  
Additional detail Vertebrates GloBI  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 2 PanTHERIA  
Water depth max
Additional detail 2,450 m OBIS Environmental Information  
Water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.042 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 30.38 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water temperature min
Additional detail -1.69 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 29.2 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
Water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 0.54 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 83.02 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.053 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.13 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 4.51 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.97 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
Water O2 saturation max
Additional detail 110.17 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
min Additional detail 85.08 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
Water salinity min
Additional detail 27.53 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 36.84 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>
Home range average
Additional detail 112,249.72 km^2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 79,244.72 km^2 PanTHERIA  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 1 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
Age at first birth average
Additional detail 14.94 years female PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 1.25 years PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval
Additional detail 3.0 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 5.0 years female PanTHERIA  
Litters per year
Additional detail 0.2 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
median Additional detail 0.48 PanTHERIA  
Total life span max
Additional detail 100.0 years PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 90 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Population group size average
Additional detail 9 individuals PanTHERIA  
  • Social group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
Social group size average
Additional detail 12 individuals PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 10.35 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 13.5 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 13.66 years PanTHERIA  
Weaning age average
Additional detail 1.14 years PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 1.29 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 1.19 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Mortality Rate Doubling Time
    The mortality rate doubling time (MRDT) is considered to be a measure of the rate of ageing. It is estimated from the slope of the Gompertz curve by: MRDT = 0.693/G where G is the exponential (Gompertz) mortality rate coefficient.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/MortalityRateDoublingTime
Mortality Rate Doubling Time
Additional detail 14 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 5.33 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 3.6 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>
  • Body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
Body temperature
Additional detail 36.0 degrees Celsius AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Unknown IUCN  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Orcinus orca</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail data deficient
  • Data deficient
    A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status. A taxon in this category may be well studied, and its biology well known, but appropriate data on abundance and/or distribution are lacking. Data Deficient is therefore not a category of threat. Listing of taxa in this category indicates that more information is required and acknowledges the possibility that future research will show that threatened classification is appropriate. It is important to make positive use of whatever data are available. In many cases great care should be exercised in choosing between DD and a threatened status. If the range of a taxon is suspected to be relatively circumscribed, and a considerable period of time has elapsed since the last record of the taxon, threatened status may well be justified.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dataDeficient
IUCN  

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