The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • African Wildlife Foundation. 2008. "African Wildlife Foundation: Burchell's Zebra" (On-line). Accessed April 02, 2009 at
  • Anderson, K. 1992. Size, design and interspecific interactions as restrictors of natural behavior in multi-species exhibits. 3: interspecific interactions of Plains zebra (Equus burchelli) and eland (Taurotragus oryx). Applied Animal Behavior Science, 34: 273-284.
  • Asa, C. S. 2002. Equid Reproductive Biology. Pages 113-117 in P. D. Moehlman, editor. Equids: Zebras, Asses, and Horses. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Cabrera, A. 1936. Subspecific and Individual Variation in the Burchell Zebras. Journal of Mammalogy, 17: 89-112. Accessed April 08, 2009 at
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Colwell, D., M. Hall, P. Scholl. 2005. The Oestrid Flies: Biology, Host-Parasite Relationships, Impact and Management. United Kingdom: CABI Publishing.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Dunham, K. M. 1994. The Effect of Drought on the Large Mammal Populations of Zambezi Riverine Woodlands. Journal of Zoology 234:489-526.
  • Eltringham, S. 1979. The Ecology and Conservation of Large African Mammals. London and Basingstoke: The MacMillan Press Ltd.
  • Fischhoff, I., S. Sundaresan, J. Cordingley, H. Larkin, M. Sellier, D. Rubenstein. 2007. Social relationships and reproductive state influence leadership roles in movements of plains zebra, Equus burchelli. Animal Behavior, 73: 825-831.
  • Grange, S., P. Duncan, J. Gaillard, A. Sinclair, P. Gogan, C. Packer, H. Hofer, M. East. 2004. What limits the Serengeti zebra population?. Oecologia, 140: 523-532.
  • Groves, C. 1974. Horses, Asses and Zebras in the Wild. Hollywood, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books.
  • Groves, C. P., and Catherine H. Bell. 2004. New investigations on the taxonomy of the zebras genus Equus, subgenus Hippotigris. Mammalian Biology, vol. 69, no. 3. 182-196
  • Groves, Colin, and Peter Grubb. 2011. Ungulate Taxonomy. ix + 317
  • Grubb, P. 1981. Equus burchelli. Mammalian Species 157:1-9.
  • Grubb, P. 1981. Equus burchellii. Mammalian Species, 157: 1-9. Accessed March 30, 2009 at
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Holland, J. 2003. "Zebras: Born to Roam" (On-line). National Geographic Magazine. Accessed April 09, 2009 at
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • Krecek, R., F. Malan, R. Reinecke, V. de Vos. 1987. Nematode Parasites from Burchell's Zebras in South Africa. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 23: 404-411.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • Moehlman, P. 2002. Equids: Zebras, Asses and Horses. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN - World Conservation Union, Publications Services Unit.
  • Nowak, R. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World - Fifth Edition. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • PLUHÁČEK, J., L. BARTOŠ. 2005. Further evidence for male infanticide and feticide in captive plains zebra, Equus burchelli. Follia Zoologica, 54(3): 258-262. Accessed March 30, 2009 at
  • Pluhacek, J., L. Bartos, L. Culik. 2006. High-ranking mares of captive plains zebras Equus burchelli have greater reproductive success than low-ranking mares. Applied Animal Behavior Science, 99: 315-329.
  • Pluhacek, J., L. Bartos. 2000. Male infanticide in captive plains zebra, Equus burchelli. Animal Behavior, 59: 689-694.
  • Poole, R. 2006. "Heartbreak on the Serengeti" (On-line). National Geographic Magazine. Accessed April 09, 2009 at
  • Promislow, D. E. L., and P. H. Harvey. 1990. Living Fast and Dying Young - a Comparative-Analysis of Life- History Variation among Mammals. Journal of Zoology 220:417-437.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Ruxton, G. 2002. The possible fitness benefits of striped coat coloration for zebra. Mammal Review, 32: 237-244.
  • Sibly, R. M., D. Collett, D. E. L. Promislow, D. J. Peacock, and P. H. Harvey. 1997. Mortality rates of mammals. Journal of Zoology 243:1-12.
  • Skinner, J. D., and R. H. N. Smithers. 1990. The mammals of the southern African subregion. University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World


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